“After people -Helping animals left in Haiti”


In the past few days, several organizations have joined forces to create the Animal Relief Coalition for Haiti (ARCH), with the goal of raising funds to help animals in the earthquake-stricken country and to provide direct aid to animals once rescue teams can be assembled in Haiti.

We’re grateful that government and relief agencies are mobilizing to assist the hundreds of thousands of people in need of water, medical care, and shelter.

Fermathe, Haiti, is home to a zoo that one past visitor reported housed

Solenodon critically endangered

monkeys, snakes, alligators and exotic birds, such as peacocks. The nearby hospital in Fermathe is still standing, but doctors, nurses and other staff there are said to be exhausted and struggling to care for the many patients.

Haiti is home to several endangered animals, according to the organization Animal Info. These include the critically endangered Puerto Rican Hutia (Isolobodon portoricensis), the endangered Haitian Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) and the “vulnerable” manatee “sea cow” (Trichechus manatus) and Hispaniolan Hutia (Plagiodontia aedium).

Hutia

And as with any disaster of this magnitude, animals are also suffering and in dire need of care.

To try to help these animals, here’s what HSI is doing right now:

  • We’re working with Sociedad Dominicana para la Prevención de Crueldad a los Animales, which is based in the Dominican Republic and has offered to get a team of animal responders and veterinarians into Haiti;
  • We’re sending a veterinarian trained in disaster response associated with our partner organization, the Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association, to the Dominican Republic to spearhead our assessment;
  • We have joined the Animal Relief Coalition for Haiti, and will be working with the World Society for the Protection of Animals, the International Fund for Animal Welfare, and other partner groups on a coordinated response to this crisis;
  • We’ve communicated with humanitarian relief agencies and are poised to address the security, transportation, housing, and supply challenges that accompany deployment.

Disaster Relief for animals of Haiti

Broad-billed Tody

ASPCA is the latest to join.

In addition to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals,  ARCH now includes The International Fund for Animal Welfare, the World Society for the Protection of Animals, American Humane, Best Friends, The Humane Society of the United States and Humane Society International.

ASPCA team is staging in the Dominican Republic waiting to get into Haiti to begin work. IFAW and WSPA have also begun to stock a mobile clinic with vaccines, antibiotics, bandages, food, and other supplies in anticipation of bringing direct aid to animals

Support the International Disaster Fund

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://news.discovery.com/animal http://tiny.cc/tUgKc

Image courtesy of http://www.edgeofexistence.org/ and Eladio Fernandez.jpg

Image courtesy of  http://www.wikidominicana.edu.do/images/9/93/Jutia.jpg

Image courtesy of   http://ibc.lynxeds.com/Broad-billedTody.jpg

“US does 70.5% Illegal internet Wildlife ads”


The United States is a major player in advertising illegal wild game for sale on the internet.  The US is responsible for 70.5 percent of the illegal wild game ads on the internet, followed by Britain and China with 7.7 percent and 7.6 percent. The internet has made the trading of wildlife way  too easy. The result is animal populations and their ecosystems are been dessimated.

Endangered animals sold illegally

Estimates of the value of final sales on these websites totaled more than $457,000 dollars, however that figure is much higher because most sites did not advertise their prices, according to the study. The total value of this illegal trade worldwide from all its may venues is about $6 billion-dollars annually.

Below are a few of the ways humans are continuing to devastate these endangered animal populations.

If we stop feeding the international appetite for exotic goods including ivory, pelts, traditional medicines, and wild meats we can help these animal populations recover.

18 to 21.6 million seahorses caught yearly for traditional Asian medicine

  • United States in 2002 imported over 38,000 mammals, 365,000 birds, 2 million reptiles, 49 million amphibians, and 216 million fis
  • 1,000 elephant ivory items were advertised on Ebay from February to May 2004
  • Decline from 1979 to 1989 in numbers of African elephants that were killed largely for the then illegal ivory trade: between 600,000 and 1.3 million
  • 99,939 primates legally were imported into the United States as pets or research animals between 1995 and 2002
  • Percentage of tropical birds and reptiles that die during transport for the exotic pet trade: up to 80
  • At least 10 tons tropical bone imports East Asian countries from other parts of Asia between 1970 and 1993
  • 10 tons of tiger bone represents: between 500 and 1,000 animals 500 and 1,000 animals
  • Estimated number of tigers left in the wild: under 5,000
  • Estimated number of captive tigers living in the United States: 5,000 to 7,000.

Since the US seems to be such a big player in this trade, it is time for the rest of us to refuse to purchase anything or support  this trade in any way. If someone learns of of someone hunting, trading or transporting wildlife please report them to your nearest US Game and Fish Department or contact Nature’s Crusaders and we will help you get the information to the proper authorities.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/64xqeO
Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/5BsKA7

“Progress on improving climate in Copenhagen”


Forests are efficient absorbers of carbon dioxide, the primary heat-trapping gas linked to global warming. When forests and bogs and wetlands are destroyed daily around the world carbon dioxide stored in trees, bogs and wetlands is released into the atmosphere. This release accelerates global warming., When 20% of our rainforests are destroyed annually, it is estimated to account for 20 percent of greenhouse gas emissions globally.

saving the forests

If this agreement is achieved some progress towards providing a system through which countries can be paid for conserving disappearing natural assets based on their contribution to reducing emissions.

Today the final draft of Reducing Emissions From Deforestation and Forest Degradation, or REDD, will be distributed to some 200 ministers to hammer out a framework for a global climate treaty. Negotiators and other participants said that though some details remained to be worked out, all major points of disagreement — how to address the rights of indigenous people living on forest land and what is defined as forest, for example — had been resolved through compromise.

A final agreement on the program may not be announced until the end of the week, when President Obama and other world leaders arrive — in part because there has been so little progress on other issues at the climate summit meeting, sponsored by the United Nations.

For poorer countries, the payments will provide a much-needed new income stream. For richer nations, the lure of the program is not cash but carbon credits that can be used to cancel out, in part, their industrial emissions under a carbon trading system, like the cap-and-trade plan currently under consideration by Congress.

The agreement is also being closely watched in Congress, where climate legislation passed the House in June and is currently stalled in the Senate.

Under the cap-and-trade system preferred by Democratic leaders and the Obama administration, companies that cannot meet their greenhouse gas pollution limit could buy extra permits by investing in carbon-reduction programs abroad. Plans to preserve forests under REDD would presumably qualify. This could help U.S. companies to reduce emissions at lower cost.

For more information on the progress on international climate reform in Copenhagen.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/16/science/earth/16forest.html?_r=1&th&emc=th

Images courtesy of  http://earth.rice.edu/mtpe/bio/biosphere/topics/biomes/forest.jpg

“The blind, pink rodent from Africa may hold key to longevity”


Hairless, pink skinned, big toothed, wonder of the rodent world may hold the secret to longevity and some forms of cancer. Who is this wonder of the animal world? None other then the mole rat of the African desert.

Blind and spending its life underground this animal who’s family social structure more resembles the queen bee and her hive than a mammal family lives the longest of any rodent in the world.

Naked mole rat longevity

Does the key to longevity reside in the animals ability to produce quality proteins that do not degrade as quickly  or does keeping the proteins in top shape longer so the proteasomes (the cell’s protein trash recycling system) do not have as much work to do to recombine amino acids that made up the degraded proteins into new ones.

Scientists do not know yet if other animals that live a long and healthy life like soem birds like the parrot also havs the same recycling system, but will be researching these kindred long lived animals next.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of http://www.uthscsa.edu/hscnews

Image from Natures Crusaders library

“Endangered Arakan Forest turtles found”


Never giving up the hope of finding some alive, scientists acting like Indiana Jones have found a nest of the elusive endangered Arakan Forest Turtles (Heosemys depressa).

Traveling by small boat through the remote backwaters of the river that cut through the thick forested area of Vietnamese Rakhine Yoma Elephant Sanctuary, turtle conservationists beheld a beautiful site . After enduring severe hardship, including round-the-clock torrential rains and bands of leeches covering their bodies, the scientists found “turtle gold.

Critically endangered Akaran Forest turtle found

Critically endangered Arakan Forest turtle found

They discovered a nest of five rare brown-and-tan-spotted turtles living in the wilds in the Rakhine Yoma Elephant Sanctuary in amongst thick stands of impenetrable bamboo forests.

When they spotted the turtles all the hardships they endured

disappeared in the euphoria of the moment.

The carapace or top shell of this medium-sized turtle is light brown, with some individuals exhibiting black mottling or a black border, and the shell edge is distinctly toothed or jagged at the back. The bottom shell or plastron is yellow to tan in color and is marked with dark brown to black blotches or radiating streaks on each raised plate or scute on its carapace. The head color is grey to brown, and the soft skin of the neck, limbs and tail is pale yellowish-brown. On its legs, there are the large nearly black scales. The claws are large and strong, with half-webbed toes on the front legs and only webbing at the bottom of the toes on the hind legs.

Scientists knew of only four of these turtles in all of Vietnam before the discovery of this precious nest. It gives cause for hope that maybe this species can survive.

The near-disappearance of these turtles is due to Asians using the turtle meat as an ingredient in cooking and medicine.

There is hope if we leave nature alone.

Left alone these extremely rare turtles hopefully are on the rebound in Myanmar. Now we must do what we can to protect the remaining population.

Thank you for your dedicated efforts and research that can help preserve this species for generations to come. -Nature’s Crusaders

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of http://boston.com/turtle thought to be extinct spotted in myanmar

Excerpts courtesy of http://www.dcsp.org/COP12-d.html

Image courtesy of http://www.turtlesurvival.org/news/update-from-myanmar


“The threatened Lynx making a come back from Colorado to Spain”


The threatened Lynx are hopefully making a come back from Colorado to Spain. The discovery of 10 lynx kittens this spring marks the first newborns documented in Colorado since 2006,. This good news raises the hopes of  biologists overseeing restoration of the mountain feline and all those that love this beautiful endangered cat.. The tuft-eared cats with big, padded feet were native to Colorado, but were wiped out by the early 1970s by logging, trapping, poisoning and development.

The threatenedLynx on the comeback trail in Colorado

The threatenedLynx on the comeback trail in Colorado

They are listed as threatened on the endangered species list. Biologists found no kittens the past two years, possibly partly because of a drop in the number of snowshoe hares, the cats’ main food source. This year, seven male and three female kittens were found in five dens.

More than 200 lynx from Alaska and Canada have been released in Colorado since 1999. It is unknown how many lynx are currently living in the state.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of News.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090627/ap_on_re_us/us_lynx_kittens

Image courtesy of Turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co11172001/Art/LynxKitten.jpg

“Rare Mexican salamander may help amputee regain limb use”


In its native habitat in Mexico City canals and backwaters, the rare axolotls are threatened by chemical run off from greenhouses on the banks of the city canals, waste water from surrounding neighborhoods and non-native fish species that compete with the salamander for food.

The rare axolotl

The rare Axolotl

The Axolotl is unusual in nature because it retains its larval form into adulthood. In fact, it becomes sexually mature in its larval form state. This adaptation prevents the Axolotl from living on land, and as a result, it can’t colonise new habitats. However, it has led to the axolotl being quite successful in its native habitat, at least until the arrival of man.

The Axolotl is carnivorous and but has teeth that look like small stumps or cones. It grips its food with these teeth, manoeuvering the prey into position before swallowing it whole.

Does the Axolotl hold the key to regeneration of human tissues?

Scientists are genetically modifying the Axolotl salamander tissues, which according to ancient mythology is a transformed Aztec god, in the hope its ability to regenerate body parts will one day help human amputees. This slippery skinned animal topped with frilly gills like a headdress, beady eyes and a drunken smile, is thriving in the protected environment of the lab where it reproduces easily. It can regrow injured limbs, jaws, skin, organs and parts of its brain and spinal chord when removed

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of Reuters.com/article/scienceNews

Excerpts courtesy of Axolotl.org/biology

Image courtesy of  kierstinpry.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/9-axolotl

“Autopsy results indicate 21 polo horses died of lung hemorrhages”


Messing with Biodyl a performance enhancing supplement formula

seems to be the culprit in the deaths of 21 polo horses in Florida last weekend.

Healthy polo pony
Healthy polo pony

Autopsy results seem to indicate 21 Wellington polo ponies died from complications

before their tournament causing the lungs to hemorrhaging and pulmonary edema.

The supplement was mixed in correctly in the pharmacy and altered under a vet’s recommendation. Two problems 1) altering any drug without FDA approval in this country is against the law and 2) this supplement is not sanctioned in the US. Horses treated with the compound became sick and died within 3 hours of treatment

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of NYTimes nytimes.com/othersports/24polo.

Excerpts courtesy of Dead Wellington polo horses had hemorrhaging lungs - BANDREW ABRAMSON
Palm Beach Post Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Image courtesy of whats-on-magazine.com brightlingpolo2.jpg

Snake + toxic toad = a deadly duo


Snake stores toxic toad pison in neck glands

Snake stores toxic toad pison in neck glands

Most snakes are born with poisonous bites they use for defense. But what can non-poisonous snakes do to ward off predators?

This snake Rhabdophis tigrinus eats poisonous toads for lunch and stores their toxins in its neck to kill other invertebrates and to protect itself from attack.

It is rare that a nonpoisonous invertebrate vertebrate can sequester toxins especially from vertebrate prey, A snake that’s dependent on a diet of toads for chemical defense is highly unusual.

It is found Found in eastern Russia North and South Korea, China Taiwan, Vietnam and in Japan.

snake-poison-gland

Colored olive-drab green with black stripes and bright orange stripes from the neck down the first third of the body. The belly is whitish. It blends nicely into its surroundings on the forest floor. Its small size allows it to slither undetected to surprise its prey of small invertebrates, toads, frogs and mice. The average length is usually 60-100 cm (2to 3.3 ft).

To defend itself the snake will arch its’ neck to show off those toxin filled glands to warn predators not to mess with it. These toxins come from eating the toxic toad pictured below.

Toxic toad partner

Toxic toad partner

Now there are six toxins, according to researchers, that have been isolated from the snake’s venom that may hold promise for people suffering from hypertension and related blood pressure disorders.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of ScienceDaily.com Nonvenomous Asian Snakes ‘Borrow’ Defensive Poison From Toxic Toads ScienceDaily January. 31, 2007.

Excerpts courtesy of wikipedia.org Rhabdophis_tigrinus

Image 1. courtesy of natural -japan.net

Image 2. courtesy of whyfiles.org shorties/226snake_toad

Image 3. courtesy of http://www.rsc.org chemistryworld/News/2007/January/30010701.asp

Eaten to extinction-frogs, monkey, tiger…US huge bushmeat consume


Assisting extinction

As Laos, China and other Asian nations exploit its wildlife resources,

the US and France buys and consumes the harvested black market

bushmeat and products in large quantities.

tigercaspar250Twenty-five years ago, hundreds of tigers roamed large swaths of relatively untouched jungle in Laos. But in recent years particularly in the last decade development, deforestation, and a booming traffic in wildlife have reduced the Laotian tiger population to 50 or fewer individuals, according to Johnson and other scientists. The main driver of the rapid depletion of tigers and scores of other species of birds, animals, and reptiles is the growing affluence of neighboring Thailand, Vietnam, and especially China, where a vast new market for wildlife products has arisen.

Laos is the latest front in the struggle to rein in an underground global trade that every year kills tens of millions of wild birds, mammals, and reptiles to supply multi-billion dollar markets around the elephant-751451world.

The U.S. and Europe rank among the largest buyers of elephant ivory and tiger parts and frog, monkey and game animal (commonly referred to as bushmeat.) along with the exotic pet trade.The trade of wild animal parts for medicine takes a heavy toll on wildlife not just in Laos, but around the world — in Southeast Asia, the Russian Far East, Africa, and even in North America.

A rapid development and growing affluence create demand for more commercial hunting and trapping; an increase in international trade; the emergence of increasingly sophisticated smuggling networks; an influx of weapons and technology; and easier access to wilderness areas because of road building by extractive industries. The opening of the Laotian economy like other native economies around the world, put a price on the heads of virtually all animals, ranging from river insects to tigers.

Overexploitation of wildlife for trade, must be addressed in a respectful sensitive, effective and fair honest manner for local people. This is a great delicate educational and economic challenge that has the potential to open the way outside investment that has recently become a flood. Like other forest-dependent people, rural Lao long relied on hunting to supplement their rice-dominated diet with protein. But the opening of the economy put a price on the heads of virtually all animals, ranging from river insects to tigers. This along with the lack of wildlife education and preservation, combined with an abundance of weapons from years of war and insurgency, gave hunters the incentive and the tools to convert Laotian’s rich biodiversity into cash.

monkey-bush-05

According to United Nations, global trade in frog meat has soared in the past 20 years. France and the

Eating frogs to  extinction.

Eating frogs to extinction.

United States are the two largest importers, with France importing between 2,500 and 4,000 tons each year since 1995. Indonesia exports more than 5,000 tons annually, mostly to Europe. Frogs’ legs are also very popular in Asian cuisine.

This scenario has been repeated around the world many times a day and the result both on land, sea and in the air are world has become poorer as these animals, plants, insects, bords, reptiles and amphibians..go silent because we have chosen this consumer mentality, but we can make and are making better choices.

Everyone can help.

Refuse to buy, eat or wear products or use cosmetics made from wild animals at the expense of the biodiversity of our beloved planet.

Yes, we can save our world.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of Yale Edu. Laos Emerges as Key Source in Asia’s IIlicit Wildlife Trade

-Rhettt Butler, February 26, 2009. e360.yale.edu/2126

Images

Image 1. Tiger courtesy of Care for the Wild.org careforthewild.org//tigercaspar250

Image 2. Leave tusks on elephant courtesy of BBC.Co.UK bbc.co.uk/elephant

Image 3. Monkey bushmeat courtesy of All creatures.org monkey-bush-05

Image 2. Skinned frogs and text courtesy of Zoofari.co.uk MobileZooBushMeat

Other quality related articles

1. ezinearticles.com

2.the-next-global-animal-crisis-bushmeat-hunger


« Older entries Newer entries »

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 3,070 other followers