“The best news for whales yet +thank you all”


YOU DID IT!
Good News for Whales

The International Whaling Commission (IWC) announced yesterday that it is delaying action on a deal that would have legalized commercial whaling for the first time in a generation.

The IWC’s decision is a huge victory for whales — and for activists like you — against very long odds. And it was made possible by more than 100,000 NRDC Members, BioGems Defenders and Nature’s Crusaders like you who helped ignite a worldwide outcry against this  disastrous policy change.

For years these secret deals had been negotiated behind closed-door meetings with many bribes to cement the deal. Key government players in this deadly game, include the USA, that believes that lifting the ban on whaling would rein in rogue whaling by Japan, Iceland and Norway.

These “gentleman’s agreement” would have given the whaling nations, sanctioned permission to slaughter of whales after they’ had defied international law for years.

In this new deal  the whaling ban would have been suspended for 10 years and opened an internationally protected whale sanctuary to commercial whaling without sanctions for killing whales.

In their myopic view of whales equal $$ and nothing else matters,   this agreement that the US was planning on signing  would allow  legal loopholes like “scientific permits.”  This fake moral justification believes that to save whales we have to kill  them for research.-

Thank goodness their are hundreds of thousands of conscious caring people worldwide whose outcry helped halt at least temporarily this headlong rush to legalize the slaughter of whales for profit. Tell the United States and other conscious earth friendly nations to toughen their stance in negotiating with the whaling nations.

The last minute shift largely due to the world’s outpouring of support for whales produced a whale-saving deadlock.

This fight continues to protect these gentle giants of our oceans who helped protect and keep

The IWC has left the proposed deal open on its agenda, meaning that it could be revisited in the next two days.

Possibly the IWC will opt for a year-long “cooling-off period” and take up the issue again next year. We’ll be ready to mobilize again whenever this proposed deal is put back on the table. Tell your government representative to the commission and the head of your country that you want to permanently table the ban on whale hunting,

In the weeks and months ahead, we’ll be urging the IWC to focus its conservation efforts on emerging threats to marine mammals that are growing with each passing day: from entanglement to ship strikes, from noise pollution to global warming.

In the meantime, I want to thank you for helping secure this important victory for whales — and for making sure that the slaughter of whales for profit will remain illegal.

Mother Nature, Nature’s Crusaders and  NRDC

“Bristol Bay Alaska save the endangered whales, salmon and other wildlife”


Another mega-company Anglo American and Mitsubishi wants to turn the pristine area near Bristol Bay, Alaska area over to be mined.
The Pebble Mine is run by another Japanese mega corporation the Mitsubishi Corporation.

Please sign our new Petition of Protest so that your voice can be heard loud and clear at Mitsubishi’s annual Shareholders Meeting in Tokyo on June 24, 2010. Click here to let your voice be heard.

Killer whales may go extinct

Mitsubishi and its share holders wake up!
SAVE BRISTOL BAY

Bristol Bay is a unique American natural treasure.

Beluga whale

  • Home to orcas and beluga whales, wild moose and caribou, and one of only two populations of freshwater harbor seals in the world

It’s world-class salmon runs that support thousands of sustainable jobs in fishing and tourism as well as Alaska Natives who depend on the salmon for food. Click here to let your voice be heard.

What do they propose to do?

  • Put a 2,000-foot-deep open-pit mine in the heart of America’s wilderness in a known earthquake zone.
  • The Pebble Mine’s colossal earthen dams are supposed to hold back some 10 billion tons of mining waste mixed with toxic chemicals. These dams never work forever. These dams are  disasters waiting to happen.

Problems  in the exploration phase

In April 2010 even without the mine in full swing, the companies had taken water from 45 unauthorized stream segments, the Anchorage Daily News reported. The exploration was temporarily halted.

Permits have been reinstated allowing Pebble Limited Partnership to continue exploring copper and gold deposits in southwest Alaska, the state Department of Natural Resources said Friday.
But the partnership still needs permission from the state’s Department of Fish and Game to work in fish habitat in order to begin drilling again this year.
All ready the Pebble Mine before it goes into full-scale operation, it will permanently destroy over 60 miles of salmon habitat.
If salmon runs collapse, so could the entire ecosystem and the communities that rely on salmon for their very subsistence.

Please stand with the Alaska’s Native communities and lovers of nature everywhere by making your voice heard at Mitsubishi’s Shareholders Meeting.

Don’t allow this mega corporation that sells so many cars, trucks, and electronics in the United States sacrifice one of America’s most spectacular pieces of endangered wilderness and the bioms dependent on it.  Click here to let your voice be heard.

Will Mitsubishi rethink this destructive venture when faced with worldwide opposition?

It did 10 years ago. Click here to let your voice be heard.


Resources

Excerpts courtesy of NRDC.com

Images 1 & 2. courtesy of  NC library

Images 3. courtesy of  en.academic.ru/Seehund.jpg

Images 4. courtesy of    http://bit.ly/aTbmA1

Images 5. courtesy of   http://bit.ly/c2hhoT

Images 6, courtesy of   http://bit.ly/aoXH8w

“Mass chemical poisoning begins -symptoms rising in Gulf”


The volunteer workers, the raincoat covered fishermen and other that have been working without HAZMAT gear or respirators to help clean up the toxic pollutants from the BP disaster in the Gulf of Mexico . Seems they have been told that their health is not at risk!

Health concerns volunteers oil spill

Seems like a repeat of what workers were told after the Exxon Valdez accident off the coast of Alaska. However, way too many workers came down with “flu or cold like symptoms” from breathing and absorbing the toxic fumes from the oil spill.  Who will pick up the long term health bill for the health hazards they are being exposed to? How much will they suffer for helping out?

Fishermen have never seen the results from the air-quality monitoring patches some of them wear on their rain gear when they are out booming and skimming the giant oil slick. However, more and more fishermen are suffering from bad headaches, burning eyes, persistent coughs, sore throats, stuffy sinuses, nausea, and dizziness. They know BP is not being up front with them.

Based on air monitoring conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in a Louisiana coastal community, those workers seem to be correct. The EPA findings show that airborne levels of toxic chemicals like hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic compounds like benzene, for instance, now far exceed safety standards for human exposure.

Below are the Louisiana BPA  findings

Levels of airborne chemicals have far exceeded state standards and what’s considered safe for human exposure.

  • hydrogen sulfide detected at concentrations more than 100 times greater than the level known to cause physical reactions in people.   The health effects of hydrogen sulfide exposure are eye and respiratory irritation as well as nausea, dizziness, confusion and headache.

The concentration threshold for people to experience physical symptoms from hydrogen sulfide is about 5 to 10 parts per billion. But as recently as last Thursday, the EPA measured levels at 1,000 ppb. The highest levels of airborne hydrogen sulfide measured so far were on May 3, at 1,192 ppb.

  • Levels of volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) far exceed the ambient air standards.

VOCs cause acute physical health symptoms including eye, skin and respiratory irritation as well as headaches, dizziness, weakness, nausea and confusion.
Louisiana’s ambient air standard for the VOC benzene, for example, is 3.76 ppb, while its standard for methylene chloride is 61.25 ppb. Long-term exposure to airborne benzene has been linked to cancer, while the EPA considers methylene chloride a probable carcinogen.

Air testing results show VOC concentrations far above these state standards. On May 6, for example, the EPA measured VOCs at levels of 483 ppb. The highest levels detected to date were on April 30, at 3,084 ppb, following by May 2, at 3,416 ppb.  For more information

Who will pay these long term health price for these workers dedication?   Will BP or the Federal Government?

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  SouthernStudies.org

Excerpts courtesy of  The Huffingtonpost.com

Image courtesy of   http://www.oilism.com/oil/.jpg

“Hope – the connection holds! Draining of the gusher begins”


Never in the history of modern man have those that care about nature and the environment had to watch with little to do, but visualized Mother Nature miraculously healing the wound in its sea floor dress.  Those that can be close are risking their own lifes to save those larger creatures covered

Tub scrub for oiled bird

in oil. Countless numbers of sea creatures dolphins, porpoises, turtles, sea birds, shrimp, crab, fish, coral and mollusks will not reach the caring hands of the skilled volunteers that are tirelessly struggling against all odds to save a few of the trillions of living things affected by this gusher.

At least from the Exxon Valdez crisis,  the oil was from just one tanker, but Alaska is still cleaning up globs of oil from that disaster on their shores.

Black columns or plumes of oil have forced themselves out from the gusher.

They rise up for 10 miles in length below the visible slick in the Gulf of Mexico. (See video)

Some success!  BP for the first time in 25 days

In a major step toward containing a massive Gulf of Mexico oil leak, BP said a mile-long tube was funneling crude Sunday from a blown well to a tanker ship after three days of wrestling to get the stopgap measure into place on the seafloor.

The contraption was hooked up successfully and sucking oil from a pipe at the blown well Sunday afternoon after being hindered by several setbacks.

Engineers remotely steering robot submersibles were trying again Sunday to fit the riser insertion tube into a breach nearly a mile below the surface, BP said.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/cOeJAP

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/chcj9p
Image courtesy of    html  http://bit.ly/csJx5l

Video 1. courtesy of   Youtube.com

“Dam-age if you do Dam-age if you do not -oil spill clean up”


The potential effects of the crude oil itself on the health of the entire biome, man through the tiniest of sea creatures, from the spill is long term. The crude oil is toxic if inhaled, ingested or if one is coated with it. Everyone’s being touched by it could suffer respiratory, skin reactions and cancers of various types are some of the possibilities.  Toxicity from hydrocarbon (crude oil/petroleum) exposure depends on which organ system is predominately involved. Organ systems that can be affected by hydrocarbons include the pulmonary, brain and nervous system, cardiac, embryological, gastrointestinal, hepatic, kidney, dermatologic, and hematologic systems. The respiratory system seems to be most effected with pneumonia.
As the crude oil is dispersed by wind, weather and the sea, micro organisms ingest it and as larger animals up the food chain eat the smaller ones  thus spreading the residues from the oil into their body tissues. These are the dangers to living systems (without even considering the land, shoreline and soil communities.) is if no one uses dispersant.


The effects of
dispersants

In a 2005 National Academy of Sciences report, the dispersants and the oil they leave behind can kill fish eggs. A study of oil dispersal in Coos Bay, Ore. found that it accumulated in mussels. Another study examining fish health after the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska in 1989 found that PAHs (dispersant) affected the developing hearts of Pacific salmon. The acute toxicity of dispersants is generally attributed to the effects on biological membranes; usually the  dispersant disrupts  the outer membrane of respiratory cells, often causing electrolytic and/or osmotic imbalance within the cell.

There is insufficient understanding of the fate of dispersed oil in aquatic ecosystems.
A version of Corexit a dispersant was widely used after the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill and, according to a literature review performed by the group

the Alaska Community Action on Toxics,

Corexit a dispersant was later linked with

health impacts in people including respiratory, nervous system, liver, kidney and blood disorders.

surface-active compounds in the dispersant likely affect the embryonic membrane. This is evidenced by the fact that developed, abnormal larvae were virtually nonexistent at the end of experiments, observers either found fully developed, normal larvae or embryos that had been arrested at the multicell stage, often appearing as only loose aggregations of cells. These observations are consistent with known effects of surfactants on biological membranes.  The dispersant increases permeability, loss of barrier function, and osmotic imbalance  Some other abnormalities have been seen in developing embryos in marine echinoderms and other gastropods. Some mysid mortality may seem to be asphyxiated through damage to respiratory structures
The dispersants used today are less toxic than those used a decade ago.  Toxic still. Maybe they accumulate slowly, or disrupt the hormonal systems of animals and humans less-no one has bothered to research these toxins in long term studies to find out. Possible Russian roulette with the Gulf’s version of Texas Tea.
For a little bit of levity  on the oil rupture check out  Stephen Colbert.
Resources
Excerpts
courtesy of  http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/821143-overview
Excerpts courtesy of  http://www.madsci.org
Excerpts courtesy of   www.pwrc.usgs.gov/infobase/topbibs/petroleum.pdf

Image courtesy of    http://bit.ly/ad2lhb

Image courtesy of   US Air Force


“The karma of pollution”


In this ultimate cycling  and interconnection of life on our earth. the latest mercury tocicity studies may shed some more light on this close interdependence of all life. Namely the endangered polar bear and other arctic wildlife is struggle to survive global warming and pollution. Mercury toxicity is increasing in these animals tissues. No one knows how much effect this is having on their survival abilities and the effects of increased toxicity in mother’s milk and consumption of this toxic meat and fish to their young. The following chart is provided from toxicology studies done in Norway in 2005.

Give a brother a hand -save the polar bears

Mercury pollution man caused has infected all the fatty tissues of our ocean going fish and mammals to the point that “safety standards for the safe consumption” of wild caught  ocean fish, whale and dolphin had to be set.  Mercury’s neurotoxic and neurogenic (damaging to chromosomes) effects the nervous system and the brain’s microglial cells that are part of our immune system cells.

he FDA and EPA recommend that women who may become pregnant, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and young children:1, 2

  • Do not eat shark, swordfish, king mackerel, or tilefish, because these all contain high levels of mercury.
  • Eat up to 12 oz (340 g) a week (two average meals) of a variety of fish and shellfish that are lower in mercury.
    • Five of the most commonly eaten fish that are low in mercury are shrimp, canned light tuna, salmon, pollock, and catfish.
    • Another commonly eaten fish, albacore (“white”) tuna, has more mercury than canned light tuna. So when choosing your two meals of fish and shellfish, you may eat up to 6 oz (170 g) a week (one average meal) of albacore tuna.

Check local advisories about the safety of fish caught by family and friends in your local lakes, rivers, and coastal areas. If no advice is available, eat up to 6 oz (170 g) a week (one average meal) of fish caught from local waters, but don’t eat any other fish during that week. Should these warning become a stimulus to clean up our environmental act, before it cleans us up permanently?

In an ironic karmic twist of fate for those peoples who are so diligently fighting for the right to continue to kill these endangered fish and animals, the Japanese and the indigenous people in Alaska and Canada have the highest mercury levels of Mercury toxins in their brain and body tissues. Japanese who consume the whale and dolphins caught by their own fishermen are contributing to the excessive levels of contamination of every person that eats that meat. Research proves that mercury is a DEADLY KILLER.

It can cause birth defects and learning disabilities and has been implicated in adult dementia,  alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, depression, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.   Pregnant women eating Mercury laden fatty meats are playing Russian roulette with the health of their unborn. The Inuit children and other Aboriginal children with high mercury levels have far greater risk of developing motor problems.

So what is the reason Japanese, Icelandic, Inuits and Norwegian fishermen continue harvesting whales, dolphin and ringed seal? Some have obvious profit, but some may have few alternatives where they live.

What will happen to the generations of talented young people being cut short of their potential, by their elders continuing to wipe out these endangered and threaten and toxic species.

I ask you who by these blind practices is really endangering the healthy survival of their species the most?

We can clean up this mess.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of http://bit.ly/cDBiGB

Excerpts courtesy of http://www.the-scientist.com/againstHg

Image courtesy of polar bear  of Nature’s Crusaders library

Chart courtesy of http://www.the-scientist.com/againstHg

Image courtesy of http://bit.ly/9pHnhD

Image courtesy of   http://bit.ly/9pHnhD

“Angels Great Barrier Reef workn’ overtime”


The best offense is a good defense. If the reefs of the world are to survival global warming and the threats from pollution, ships run aground, tourism, overfishing being proactive is critical.

Allowing ships to travel unescorted through the most environmental diverse area on the planet is careless at best. When these ships are carrying toxic materials it is plain irresponsible.

Information now suggests that the now pilot of the Shen Neng fell asleep at the wheel or is their possible foul play happening here.

When the ship ran up onto the Great Barrier Reef, it sat there for days before its oil was drained.  That began today. Its coal is still on board. The oil spill that happened right after the accident.
The “angels of the reef” must be working overtime to diminish the devastating effects of this spill. May Mother Nature rise again stronger and healthier than it was prior to the accident.
Resources
Excerpts
courtesy of   http://bit.ly/bvKpRS

Video of wreck http://bit.ly/d3TulZ

Image courtesy of   http://bit.ly/c3qhsd

“Water will rule”


Oil was king, but water will rule the world’s future.
Who ever controls the potable or drinkable fresh water supplies will control the the development of life on earth.

There are more deaths from unsafe water than from war says the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

“More people die from unsafe water

than from all forms of violence, including war.”

When we fail to keep our water ways, rivers, lakes and oceans clean, we set up for more poverty, disease, starvation and death. Dehydration in Eastern and Western countries is the root of our disease patterns and little or decreased access to good quality water could become the ever increasing root of struggles between nations.

The United Nations Childrens Agency (UNICEF) noted that more than 155 million people, or 39 percent of the population in West and Central Africa, have no access to potable or drinkable water.
..Daily millions of tons of untreated sewage, industrial and agricultural wastes {are dumped) into the world’s water systems,..clean water has become scarce and will be scarcer as a result of climate change.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says global peace and security will depend on access to water.

Government stability and economic growth will always depend on countries’ ability to successfully manage water in a world where water resources grow scarcer by the day… “become better stewards of our water resources.”
We can all help protect our water supplies now, by refusing to pollute even our waste water by refusing to dump medicines, pesticides and non biodegradable chemicals or junk into our sewage system. Cleaning up debris around and in our water is growing in importance. Cleaning up mine trailing ponds and refusing to allow companies to dump wastes into our water ways and oceans while helping to remove trash, plastics and cosmetics from our beach fronts and rivers and harbors help secure better future for our endangered world.

Our actions count in the overall plan and balance of our earth,

You are missing and vital link to a healthier tomorrow for us all.

Resource

Excerpts courtesy of   http://bit.ly/9bsXOS

“Toxic companies near you-act now”


Our waterways and its delivery systems across the US are in peril. There is no legal body that can enforce clean water safety standards. Through various political and monetary maneuvers

more than fifty percent of the corporate polluters of our waterways can dump toxic chemicals and waste straight into the rivers and streams

feed our water shed.


The Clean Water Act was intended to end dangerous water pollution by regulating every major polluter. Regulators may be unable to prosecute and regulate as many as half of the nation’s largest known polluters because officials may neither have proper jurisdiction or because proving jurisdiction would be overwhelmingly difficult and time consuming to prove.

“We are, in essence, shutting down our Clean Water programs in some states,” said Douglas F. Mundrick, an E.P.A. lawyer in Atlanta. “This is a huge step backward. When companies figure out the cops can’t operate, they start remembering how much cheaper it is to just dump stuff in a nearby creek.”

That creek may run directly into your communities waterways from which your drinking, bathing, swimming and garden water may come. If we do not put pressure on our local officials and get educated and active we might as well just help them add mercury, pbcs, lead, hydrogen sulfide and paints directly to you and your family’s  next glass of water.

Check to see if your state’s clean water commission has become so mired in the red tap that it has no power to keep your water healthy.

Here is a list of the top water polluters near you.

If you live in a state with any of them, you better get informed and active to reclaim your rights to clean water and land or you will be hearing your state official saying what James Tierney stated below:

“This is a huge deal,” James M. Tierney, the New York State assistant commissioner for water resources, said of the new constraints. “There are whole watersheds that feed into New York’s drinking water supply that are, as of now, unprotected.”

Pollution continues here is a list of the top one hundred biggest air  polluters.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of   http://nyti.ms/cEhxf7

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/dkq7TU

Image courtesy of   http://bit.ly/9iphn7

Using US power need – to restore water ecosystems


Water is the leading renewable energy source used by utilities to generate electric power.

Along the Mississippi River, a city and a small startup firm have separate hopes of harnessing that artery’s energy potential either through a few big turbines or thousands of tiny, submerged ones. Moving water spins the blades of a turbine, which turns a generator shaft. A fall of less than 30 feet, the height of most Ohio River dams, is sufficient. The submerged turbines about two feet in diameter and perhaps made of carbon fiber or some other lightweight source durable enough to withstand being hits by debris swept downriver while not interfering with barge traffic. See image mississippi-river-hydrokinetic-power

Since 1913 at Keokuk, Iowa hydro- power has been used, but the future may see thousands of small electric turbines in the river bed at 55 sites from St. Louis to the Gulf of Mexico, figuring together they could generate enough power to supply 1.5 million homes.

The cumulative output of 1,600 megawatts would be the equivalent of three small coal-fired power plants or one or two nuclear ones.

Free Flow Power Company has screened some 80,000 river sites across the country and been given preliminary permits from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission first rights to seek operating licenses for projects at those locations while giving it three years to do environmental and technical studies.

Instead of simply looking for power why not restore the ecosystem of the river and surround lands as much as possible.

Janet Sternberg, a Missouri Department of Conservation policy coordinator, urged FERC months ago to not move too hastily on such projects until more about hydrokinetics is known.

“We have no objection to the careful scrutiny and scientific question,” Irvin said. Stressing that Free Flow’s turbines would turn only with the speed of the river, “we’re pretty comfortable that what we’re proposing is going to be completely benign to fish.”(1)

Evaluating the geology, riparian vegetation, and focal species habitat along the river and begin to management, and eventual restore the river way habitat. Studying the watershed, as is develop the physical habitat template upon which to develop restoration strategies and the water turbines could be more costly true, but save in the long run for all living interdependent systems.

images-2
Do a Floodplain Restoration Feasibility Study maybe following the Stillwater Sciences system to provide an understanding of physical processes (hydrology and geomorphology), habitat dynamics, and biological resources within the watershed and developing a set of feasible restoration strategies given opportunities and existing constraints. This system is being used successfully on the Santa Clara River, Ventura County, California project. (2)

Yes, they have much less rehabilitation to do and at the moment they are not putting hydro-power in, but aspects of the project may be helpful and inspirational. -Mother Nature


Now here is another gentler possible solution for the fish.

Slow-moving ocean and river currents could be a new, reliable and affordable alternative energy source. A University of Michigan engineer has made a machine that works like a fish to turn potentially destructive vibrations in fluid flows into clean, renewable power by using VIVACE (Vortex Induced Vibrations for Aquatic Clean Energy).

VIVACE is the first known device that could harness energy from most of the water currents around the globe because it works in flows moving slower than 2 knots (about 2 miles per hour.) Most of the Earth’s currents are slower than 3 knots. Turbines and water mills need an average of 5 or 6 knots to operate efficiently.vivace-vortex-induced-vibrations-aquatic-clean-energy-bg


Vortex vibrations are made by rounded or cylinder-shaped object makes ias it flows through air or water. The presence of the object diverts current’s speed causing eddies, or vortices, to form in a pattern on opposite sides of the object like one sees as water flows around a boulder or log submerged in a river. The vortices move the object in all directions perpendicular or at right angles to the current.

These vibrations in wind toppled the Tacoma Narrows bridge in Washington in 1940 and the Ferrybridge power station cooling towers in England in 1965. In water, the vibrations regularly damage docks, oil rigs and coastal buildings.

We want to harnesse these natural forces of water said VIVACE developer Michael Bernitsas, a professor in the U-M Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.

Fish have long known how to put the vortices that cause these vibrations to good use. “Fish curve their bodies to glide between the vortices shed by the bodies of the fish in front of them. Their muscle power alone could not propel them through the water at the speed they go, so they ride in each other’s wake.”

This generation of Bernitsas’ machine looks nothing like a fish, though he says future versions will have the equivalent of a tail and surface roughness a kin to scales. The working prototype in his lab is just one sleek cylinder attached to springs. The cylinder hangs horizontally across the flow of water in a tractor-trailer-sized tank in his marine renewable energy laboratory. The water in the tank flows at 1.5 knots.

The vortices push and pull the passive cylinder up and down on its springs, creating mechanical energy. Then, the machine converts the mechanical energy into electricity. Just a few cylinders might be enough to power an anchored ship, or a lighthouse, Bernitsas says. These cylinders could be stacked in a short ladder. The professor estimates that array of VIVACE converters the size of a running track and about two stories high could power about 100,000 houses. Such an array could rest on a river bed or it could dangle, suspended in the water. But it would all be under the surface.

Because the oscillations of VIVACE would be slow, it is theorized that the system would not harm marine life like dams and water turbines can.

Bernitsas says VIVACE energy would cost about 5.5 cents per kilowatt hour. Wind energy costs 6.9 cents a kilowatt hour. Nuclear costs 4.6, and solar power costs between 16 and 48 cents per kilowatt hour depending on the location.

“There won’t be one solution for the world’s energy needs,” Bernitsas said. “But if we could harness 0.1 percent of the energy in the ocean, we could support the energy needs of 15 billion people.”

The researchers recently completed a feasibility study that found the device could draw power from the Detroit River. They are working to deploy one for a pilot project there within the 18 months.
The technology is being commercialized through Bernitsas’ company, Vortex Hydro Energy.

1. Mandates driving surge to the river for hydropower – Terry Kinney and Jim Suhr AP St. Louis November 30, 2008.

2. Santa Clara River Parkway Floodplain Restoration

Stillwater Sciences is evaluating ecological conditions in the lower Santa Clara River to inform and develop a Floodplain Restoration Feasibility Study. -

3. Fish Technology Draws Renewable Energy From Slow Water Currents
University of Michigan College of Engineering -

Fish Technology Draws Renewable Energy From Slow Water Currents – Staff Writers Ann Arbor MI (SPX) Nov 27, 2008

http://www.energy-daily.com/reports/Fish_Technology_Draws_Renewable_Energy_From_Slow_Water_Currents_999.html

image 3. An artist’s illustration of an array of VIVACE converters on the ocean floor.
http://s46986.gridserver.com/case_studies.php?cid=15

Image: www.terrain.org/…/ 12/images/epa-map-zebra.gif

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