The victory horned endangered Tamaraw numbers growing

Tamaraw (Dwarf Water Buffalo)  is found on the the island of Mindoro in the Philippines. Critically endangered this bovine is being threatened by agriculture, hunting or disease brought by domestic species.

The Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis) is a small hoofed mammal belonging to the Bovidae. It is native to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines was called  “Land of the Tamaraws”.  The tamaraw was originally found all over Mindoro, from sea level up to the mountains, but  human habitation, hunting, and logging, has restricted its range to only a few remote grassy plains and mountain ranges.

It has a compact, heavy set, bovine body, four legs that end in cloven hooves and a small, horned head at the end of a short neck. The tamaraw has an average shoulder height of 100 to 105 centimeters. The length of the body is 220 centimeters while the tail measures 60 centimeters. Estimated weights for females are between 200 to 300 kilograms.

Adults have a dark brown to grayish color with short stocky limbs a. White markings on the hooves and the inner lower forelegs. The face is the same color as that of the body. Most of the members of the species also has a pair of gray-white strips that begins from the inner corner of the eye to the horns. The nose and lips have black skin.

The rare, native mammal is secluded on a small island, the ecology of the tamaraw is largely unstudied and unrecorded. The species is reclusive and shy away from humans. Preferring to live in tropical highland forested and plains areas in thick brush, near open-canopied glades where it feeds on grasses and bamboo shoots. the grazing grounds are located near a water source. The Tamaraw now feed at night to avoid humans. The tamaraw enjoy wallowing in mud pits both for moisturizing their skin and to keep biting insects away.

Adults live alone. Males and females are known to associate all year round but this interaction lasts only a few hours. Adult males are often solitary and apparently aggressive while adult females can be alone, accompanied by a bull, or with young of different ages.
Victory to the dedicated Conservation efforts
Being critically endangered native and the largest terrestrial mammal in the country. Philippine laws and organizations have been created to help the conservation of the species. In 1936, Commonwealth Act No. 73 was enacted by the then-Philippine Commonwealth. The act specifically prohibited killing, hunting and even merely wounding tamaraws, with an exception noted for self-defense (if one were to be attacked by an agitated individual) or for scientific purposes. The penalties were harsh enough to include a hefty fine and imprisonment.
Good News
On October, 2008, Department of Agriculture (Philippines)’s Philippine Carabao Center (DA-PCC), director, Dr. Arnel del Barrio officially reported that “from 2001-2008, the tamaraw population has increased yearly by an average of 10%.” “the tamaraw population was counted at 263 this year compared to only 175 heads in 2001. The calving rate estimated by number of yearlings is considerably high… (which could mean that) more than 55% of the Tamaraws,are giving birth. In Mount Iglit-Baco National Park, the official count of the animal was 263 in 2006, 239 in 2007 and 263 in 2008.” Mindoro’s Mangyan dwellers stopped the buffalo’s slaughter for its blood.

Further, the Bangkok, Thailand International Union for the Conservation of Species (IUCS) established a 280-hectare gene pool farm in Rizal, Mindoro Occidental. Also, extensive reforestation hastened the tamaraws’ propagation, which are now found only “in the mountainous portions of Mt. Iglit-Baco National Park, Mt. Calavite, Mt. Halcon-Eagle Pass, Mt. Aruyan-Sablayan-Mapalad Valley, and Mt. Bansud-Bongabong-Mansalay.”

Excerpts from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia the-10-rarest-animals-in-the-world/



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