Sound and scent control of millions
Ants sound effects are used for other mates in the colony to hear, see or respond to commands from the queen, to sexual responses, to traffic control of swarming colonies in search of food through chemical pheromone trails. acoustic (hearing and vibration detection), and visual communication.
Ants send signals by touching and stroking each others’ bodies with their antennae and forelegs. Ants produce high-pitched chirps by rubbing together specialized body parts on the abdomen called files and scrapers. Usually these sounds are felt but can also be hear. These vibrations being detected by sensitive receptors on the legs.
A new young queen ant chirps frantically during mating season to announce a full sperm sac which tells other potential mates to stay away. Drumming and body-rapping are used primarily by tree-dwelling ants and carpenter ants, and involve banging the head or antenna on a hard surface, sending vibrational warning signals to nest mates.
Some large-eyed species, such as Gigantiops, can see form and movement but vision in most ants is virtually nonexistent.
Excerpts courtesy of <a href=”Ants – Communication“><a href=”http://science.jrank.org/pages/450/Ants-Communication.html”>Ants – Communication
Video courtesy of <a href=”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5HKl8Luuotw “>Youtube.com and NOVA.com
Image courtesy of k53.phase.comhttp://k53.pbase.com.Gigantiopsdestructor.jpg