“The blast that destroyed the world”


Researchers Find Smoking Gun Of World’s Biggest Extinction


Researchers walk through sediments deposited shortly after the worst extinction event in earth history, on the shores of Buchanan Lake, Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut. Credit: Credit: Steve Grasby, University of Calgary/NRCan

About 250 million years about 95 per cent of life was wiped out in the sea and 70 per cent on land. Researchers at the University of Calgary believe they have discovered evidence to support massive volcanic eruptions burnt significant volumes of coal, producing ash clouds that had broad impact on global oceans.

“This could literally be the smoking gun that explains the latest Permian extinction,” says Dr. Steve Grasby, adjunct professor in the University of Calgary’s Department of Geoscience and research scientist at Natural Resources Canada.

Grasby and colleagues discovered layers of coal ash in rocks from the extinction boundary in Canada’s High Arctic that give the first direct proof to support this and have published their findings in Nature Geoscience.

Unlike end of dinosaurs, 65 million years ago, where there is widespread belief that the impact of a meteorite was at least the partial cause, it is unclear what caused the late Permian extinction.

Previous researchers have suggested massive volcanic eruptions through coal beds in Siberia would generate significant greenhouse gases causing run away global warming.

“Our research is the first to show direct evidence that massive volcanic eruptions – the largest the world has ever witnessed -caused massive coal combustion thus supporting models for significant generation of greenhouse gases at this time,” says Grasby.

At the time of the extinction, the Earth contained one big land mass, a supercontinent known as Pangaea. The environment ranged from desert to lush forest. Four-limbed vertebrates were becoming more diverse and among them were primitive amphibians, early reptiles and synapsids: the group that would, one day, include mammals.

The location of volcanoes, known as the Siberian Traps, are now found in northern Russia, centred around the Siberian city Tura and also encompass Yakutsk, Noril’sk and Irkutsk. They cover an area just under two-million-square kilometers, a size greater than that of Europe. The ash plumes from the volcanoes traveled to regions now in Canada’s arctic where coal-ash layers where found.

Grasby studied the formations with Dr. Benoit Beauchamp, a professor in the Department of Geoscience at the University of Calgary. They called upon Dr. Hamed Sanei adjunct professor at the University of Calgary and a researcher at NRCan to look at some of peculiar organic layers they had discovered.

“We saw layers with abundant organic matter and Hamed immediately determined that they were layers of coal-ash, exactly like that produced by modern coal burning power plants,” says Beauchamp.

Sanei adds: “Our discovery provides the first direct confirmation for coal ash during this extinction as it may not have been recognized before.”

The ash, the authors suggest, may have caused even more trouble for a planet that was already heating up with its oceans starting to suffocate because of decreasing oxygen levels.

“It was a really bad time on Earth. In addition to these volcanoes causing fires through coal, the ash it spewed was highly toxic and was released in the land and water, potentially contributing to the worst extinction event in earth history,” says Grasby.

Resources

Excerpts and Image 1. courtesy of  http://bit.ly/gTzXmp

Image 2. courtesy of  http://bit.ly/eNA13G

“Selling out to Monsato organic purity loses”


Big organics sell out to Monsanto for $$$

“The policy set for GE alfalfa will most likely guide policies for other GE crops as well. True coexistence is a must.”   –  Whole Foods Market, Jan. 21, 2011

After a 12-year battle to keep Monsanto’s Genetically Engineered (GE) crops from contaminating the nation’s 25,000 organic farms and ranches, America’s organic consumers and producers have been sold out A self-appointed cabal of the Organic Giants lead by Whole Foods Market, Organic Valley, and Stonyfield Farm, have decided to surrender to Monsanto.

Top executives from these companies have publicly admitted that they no longer oppose the mass commercialization of GE crops, such as Monsanto’s controversial Roundup Ready alfalfa, and are prepared to sit down and cut a deal for “coexistence” with Monsanto and USDA biotech cheerleader Tom Vilsack.

In a cleverly worded, but profoundly misleading email sent to its customers last week, Whole Foods Market, while proclaiming their support for organics and “seed purity,” gave the green light to USDA bureaucrats to approve the “conditional deregulation” of Monsanto’s genetically engineered, herbicide-resistant alfalfa.

Beyond the regulatory euphemism of “conditional deregulation,” this means that WFM and their colleagues are willing to go along with the massive planting of a chemical and energy-intensive GE perennial crop, alfalfa; guaranteed to spread its mutant genes and seeds across the nation; guaranteed to contaminate the alfalfa fed to organic animals; guaranteed to lead to massive poisoning of farm workers and destruction of the essential soil food web by the toxic herbicide, Roundup; and guaranteed to produce Roundup-resistant superweeds that will require even more deadly herbicides such as 2,4 D to be sprayed on millions of acres of alfalfa across the U.S.

In exchange for allowing Monsanto’s premeditated pollution of the alfalfa gene pool, WFM wants “compensation.” In exchange for a new assault on farmworkers and rural communities (a recent large-scale Swedish study found that spraying Roundup doubles farm workers’ and rural residents’ risk of getting cancer), WFM expects the pro-biotech USDA to begin to regulate rather than cheerlead for Monsanto. In payment for a new broad spectrum attack on the soil’s crucial ability to provide nutrition for food crops and to sequester dangerous greenhouse gases (recent studies show that Roundup devastates essential soil microorganisms that provide plant nutrition and sequester climate-destabilizing greenhouse gases), WFM wants the Biotech Bully of St. Louis to agree to pay “compensation” (i.e. hush money) to farmers “for any losses related to the contamination of his crop.”

This merger would also silence the truth in labeling regulations in regard to true organic products. Please help.

Please help the blocking of this unhealthy merger and practices.

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/hdBtBG

“OMG- 2 kids saving the world”


Mother Nature gives the 2 Thumbs UP Award  to  Carter and Olivia
Here is a story about two amazing kids who are making a difference.

The nonprofit One More Generation (OMG) is :

helping clean up our environment,
save endangered species
helping kids “Give Back”.
Their mission statement says it all “We are a nonprofit organization dedicated to the preservation of endangered species and our environment.  Our goal is to ensure all endangered species survive at least One More Generation… and beyond.”
What these guys are accomplishing is an inspiration to youth and families around the world.

Carter  is 91/2 years old  and his sister Olivia is 8. This dynamic duo are so passionate about wanting to make a difference that they started their own organization called One More Generation (OMG)

The two students have been adopting Cheetah’s in South Africa (from the Ann Van Dyk Cheetah Center) for years and as they started asking why some animals needed adopting, we told them that unless someone stepped in and helped, there might not be any Cheetah’s left in the wild by the time they had their own kids. Well that was all we had to say and these two sprang into action.

OMG’s, Carter and Olivia have been involved in numerous initiatives both locally and globally to include:

They just recently returned from making a trip to the Gulf where they delivered badly needed Animal Rescue Supplies to the folks at the Marine Mammal & Sea Turtle Rescue Center in New Orleans. You can check out what they did in the Gulf to help save Sea Turtles and watch their video about the trip as well.

They are helping Sharks and Whales too .

They have been in communications with Pete Bethune (Ady Gil Captain from Sea Shepard) who suggested we attend one of their Nov World-Wide Anti Whaling demonstration in Atlanta.Here are pictures from the whaling protest. It was Carter and Olivia’s first demonstration and they absolutely loved it.

Carter and Olivia recently won the Grand Prize in a Nestles Heroes Contest. The prize is essentially an ice cream party for them and up to 50 of their friends. They both decided to share the prize with their classmates at their school since the entire school has been so helpful with our organization from the start. The ice-cream party was last Friday and was held at the Fayette Montessori School in Fayetteville GA. All the kids had a blast. Here is a link to the story

Working with our State Legislatures on proposing Legislative Language changes to the current laws written by the GA DNR (Georgia Department of Natural Resources) in an effort to help stop the Rattlesnake Roundups in our state. They have partnered with the folks from the Center of Biological Diversity out of AZ and their legal team has helped them write the language changes we want to introduce in Spring. So far these two enterprising young students have collected over 1,100 signatures on a petition asking for change to the Roundups. Last week they met with the head of the GA DNR to discuss changes for the future of these events.

They are working to try and raise $50,000.00 for a Cheetah Rescue program in South Africa. The Ann Van Dyke Cheetah Center runs the program and they are doing a tremendous job. The process is slow and funds are extremely hard to come-by but they just held a silent auction a couple of weeks ago where they auctioned off painting kids in the community did of their favorite endangered species.

They are working with various organizations in our immediate area on raising awareness to the plight of the many endangered species across the globe. We have an educational program that we present to the visitors of the Atlanta Zoo, The Fernbank Museum in Atlanta, the Georgia Aquarium, The Atlanta Botanical Garden, and the Cochran Mill Nature Center.

They are in talks with the folks from The Art Miles Mural Project, which is an international organization that raises awareness to various initiatives globally through art. We recently proposed to them that we collaborate on such a project about endangered species. We are very excited about the prospect of organizing such an event.
Carter and Olivia were just invited to be a guest speaker at the Caring for Creation 2011 Conference at Lake Junaluska, NC in March/April of 2011. They are preparing their presentation for their largest presentation to-date.

Thanks to a meeting these two kids had with our State Congressman Lynn Westmoreland, a further meeting was just held with Deputy District Director Andy Bush were Carter and Olivia discussed the needed support for HR14 which covers Ocean Acidification. Carter and Olivia will be reporting on the results soon. Here is our link to the issue.

They just hosted a “Water Event” at the Fernbank Museum where they discussed the importance of water on all living things and also partnered with an organization called Ryan’s Well which helps build water wells to poor villages around the world to ensure everyone has access to clean drinking water. Also on that same day, they participated in a celebration at our Sate Capital by being part of “Uniting Voices”: An Interfaith Worship Service Calling for Climate Justice, which is an event that hopes to raise awareness to the problems with our climate do to pollution etc.

Both events were videoed for inclusion in the “One Day On Earth” organization that is hoping to document historical events from this special day and preserve them for future generations.

We are also now working on a joint project with the folks at Healthy Vending and the folks at TerraCycle in an effort to create a program designed to reduce the amount of plastic in our environment and we are working on a program with several local churches to help create a Ban on Single Use Plastic bags in our community since plastic is now the number one pollutant item in our oceans.

Finally, they are attempting to work on a joint project with Jungle Jack Hanna from the Columbus Zoo and or Jeff Corwin to help raise awareness of the issues regarding endangered species to kids nationwide. (This is one of the projects, which they really want to move forward with. Although we do not yet have confirmed date for meeting with either, we are still trying.

Everyone Can Make A Difference. Getting kids involved at an early age is our only hope to help change the global situation
around and what these two have accomplished is impressive.

Mother Nature gives you, Carter and Olivia her official  “2 Thumbs Up Award” and her eternal gratitude.


They are grateful for all donations.

Article submitted by Jim Ries. Thank you Jim.
Image 1. courtesy of    http://bit.ly/ghiDfl
Image 2. courtesy of   http://bit.ly/hSgGKD

“Sea turtle lovers unite!”


If you haven’t signed up already, this is a friendly reminder that you are invited to join our February 3rd Conservation Conference Call to hear what the Sea Turtle Restoration Project is doing to help protect Australia’s sea turtles – and how you can help!

The interactive call is scheduled for 6 p.m. U.S. Pacific Standard Time on Thursday, February 3, 2011. A call-in number will be sent when you register. To register for the call, click here.

View a 6-minute slide show with gorgeous shots of the Kimberley and the natural wonders we are fighting to preserve, set to haunting didgeridoo music. Click here to view the show.

During the 45-minute call, I’ll report on my recent sea turtle research and campaign trip to the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Dr. Jill St. John of the Wilderness Society in Perth, Western Australia, will also be on the line from Down Under to describe the unique marine wonders of the Kimberley. Jill, a marine biologist, is leading the Australian conservation coalition working to oppose the gas hub.

Join me and Jill in a discussion about how you can help oppose the destructive gas hub project!!
Together, Jill and I will detail the actions needed to generate international support to protect the Kimberley from oil and gas drilling by BP, Chevron, Shell, Woodside Petroleum and BHP Billiton.

Please note that while this Conservation Conference Call free to Sea Turtle Restoration Project members, you may be charged long distance fees by your phone service provider to participate as our conference service is based in the Midwest.

We do hope you will join us on our first Conservation Call of 2011!

Sincerely yours,

Program Director

Image 1. courtesy of   http://bit.ly/ibr0EQ

“Saving Miss Daisy from extinction”


Good News- We can do it!

Through  government and wildlife conservation coalition efforts, a  tiny daisy has been saved from extinction.

The Maguire daisy (Latin name: Erigeron maguirei) is a perennial plant with white or  pink flowers roughly the size of an American dime or a one-cent Euro coin. The tiny Maguire daisy grows in the desert southwest of the United States, has been saved from extinction after a 25-year conservation effort.
Only seven known Maquire daisy plants were left in 1985. After careful conservation efforts the numbers are now back up to 163,000 plants in 10 populations in Utah. It will be removed from the endangered species list by the Interior Department.
“Working in partnership with other federal agencies, state and local governments, and other partners, we can ensure irreplaceable plants and animals such as the Maguire daisy and the habitat they depend upon are preserved for future generations,” said Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Fish and Wildlife and Parks, Tom Strickland.
The tiny daisy will be monitored for at least 10 years to ensure that it continues to flourish and to watch for “potential threat factors.”
During the monitoring process, if officials notice a decline in the population of the Maguire daisy, they could take steps to put it back on the endangered list.
The daisy joins 20 other mostly animal species that have been removed from the endangered species list, including the brown pelican, the bald eagle, a symbol of the United States; the Arctic peregrine falcon and the American alligator.

Resources
Excerpts and Image courtesy of  courtesy of   http://bit.ly/eUdoFW

“Future agriculture-small woman farmer key”


The status of world agriculture

  • employs more than one billion people
  • the biggest consumer of ever scarcer water
  • huge producer of greenhouse gas emissions

Needed
Investment in water saving technology for food production and fresh water conservation to reverse a 70 percent of water withdrawals and 15 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, much of that from developing countries.

The agricultural business accounts for one trillion dollars of the global economy.

Small farmers who dominate the industry would be the key

to maintaining food supplies for the world’s estimated one billion hungry people.

Recent studies have shown that increasing food production of barley, corn, millet, oats, rice, rye, sorghum and wheat increased by nearly 55 percent are not reducing hunger in the world.

“From 1980 to 2009, developing countries need investment to make them less dependent on food imports and international markets. They should put more emphasis on small scale and less intensive farming, the report said.

Finally governments are reinvesting in agriculture and giving priority to small-scale producers.

“They are recognizing the important role of women, infrastructure, safety nets, and local markets,” it added. “All this holds great potential for eradicating hunger.”

Worldwatch Institute, the author of this report, warned that with nearly seven billion people now in the world, and an increase of up to 40 percent expected by 2050, governments still need to take urgent action.

Our current agricultural practices exacerbated by increasing population, and further economic growth, will add up to sharply higher global demand for food, feed, and fiber and to higher meat consumption,” said the report.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of   http://bit.ly/gZLFRK

Image 1. courtesy of    http://bit.ly/eLxtNl

Image 2. courtesy of   http://bit.ly/fnaZdc

 

“Poo-Gloos are mean pollution eating films”


Hidden under that dark colored igloo-shaped dome Poo-Gloos eat tons of sewage

Saving small towns and cities millions in waste water management, the
pollution-eating, igloo-shaped devices nicknamed Poo-Gloos sit in an unfilled sewage lagoon in Plain City, Utah, before the lagoon is filled. A new study shows the devices, sold under the name Bio-Domes, can clean up sewage as effectively as multimillion-dollar treatment plants, and thus can help small, growing towns and cities save money by using their sewage lagoons for longer periods of time before they need to build expensive sewage treatment plants.

Wastewater treatment in small, rural communities is an important and challenging engineering task. Proper treatment includes disinfection and the removal of unwanted pollutants. Most rural communities rely on wastewater lagoons as their primary method of treatment because they are simple and inexpensive to operate.
Lagoons are large ponds in which sewage is held for a month to a year so that solids settle and sunlight, bacteria, wind and other natural processes clean the water, sometimes with the help of aeration.
But as communities grow and-or pollution discharge requirements become more stringent, typical wastewater lagoons no longer can provide adequate treatment. Until now, the only alternative for these communities was to replace lagoons with mechanical treatment plants, which are expensive to build and operate.
Mechanical plants treat water in 30 days or less, using moving parts to mix and aerate the sewage, speeding the cleanup. They require electricity, manpower and sometimes chemicals.
The device provides a large surface area on which bacteria can grow, providing the microbes with air and a dark environment so they consume wastewater pollutants continuously with minimal competition from algae.
How Poo-Gloos Work
Poo-Gloos use a thriving bacterial biofilm to consume pollutants. Two dozen or more igloo-shaped Poo-Gloos are installed on the bottom of the lagoon, fully submerged and arrayed in rows. Each Poo-Gloo consists of a set of four progressively smaller, plastic domes nested within each other like Russian nesting dolls and filled with plastic packing to provide a large surface area for bacterial growth.
Rings of bubble-release tubes sit at the base of every Poo-Gloo and bubble air up through the cavities between domes. The air exits a hole in the top of each dome. As air moves through the dome, it draws water from the bottom of the lagoon up through the dome and out the top.
Each Poo-Gloo occupies 28 square feet of space on the bottom of a lagoon while creating 2,800 square feet of surface area for bacterial growth. The combination of large surface area, aeration, constant mixing and a dark environment that limits algae make Poo-Gloos capable of consuming pollutants at rates comparable with mechanical plants.
The Study: How Much Poo Can a Poo-Gloo Remove?
Johnson spent time in the wastewater industry before obtaining his master’s and doctoral degrees in civil and environmental engineering. In 2002, he set about developing a product that could be used to retrofit wastewater lagoons easily and inexpensively. After seven years, with the help of fellow professors, graduate students and a lot of laboratory tests, Johnson was ready for his first field test.
Johnson built a pilot unit using a large construction dumpster welded shut so it was water-tight. The container held seven Poo-Gloos. Johnson enlisted the help of Salt Lake’s Central Valley Water Reclamation Facility to test it. The researchers ran multiple tests using untreated wastewater from the plant to determine the extent to which commonly regulated pollutants could be removed from the wastewater before discharge back to the treatment facility.
The study aimed to determine optimal operating conditions for Poo-Gloos and evaluate their performance at different water temperatures, levels of aeration, and sewage volumes and concentrations. The study found the devices consistently achieved high levels of treatment that were affected only slightly by changing water temperatures and aeration levels:
+ Biological oxygen demand – a measure of organic waste in water – was reduced consistently by 85 percent using Poo-Gloos, and by as much as 92 percent.
+ Total suspended solids fell consistently by 85 percent, and by as much as 95 percent.
+ Ammonia levels dropped more than 98 percent with Poo-Gloo treatment in warmer water and, more important, by as much as 93 percent when temperatures dropped below 50 degrees Fahrenheit – conditions that normally slow bacterial breakdown of sewage.
+ Total nitrogen levels fell 68 percent in warmer water and 55 percent in cooler water.
“The removal rates we saw during the pilot test are comparable to removal rates from a rotating biological contactor, which is a commonly used device in mechanical treatment facilities,” Johnson says. “We couldn’t be happier with the performance of the Poo-Gloos.”
Johnson conducted the study with Hua Xu, a postdoctoral fellow in civil and environmental engineering at the University of Utah, and Youngik Choi, a professor of environmental engineering at Dong-A University in South Korea.
Wastewater Compliance Systems obtained an exclusive license from the University of Utah to commercialize Poo-Gloos, so the devices now have been deployed in six states in either full-scale installations or pilot demonstrations. Every installation showed Poo-Gloos provide treatment that meets pollution-control requirements.
Johnson and his team originally nicknamed the devices Poo-Gloos because they are shaped like igloos. But as possible uses began to expand to industries beyond municipal sewage treatment, Wastewater Compliance Systems decided to sell them as Bio-Domes.
From Nevada to Alabama and Wisconsin, Poo-Gloos to the Rescue
”Every day I speak with community officials who need to upgrade their treatment facilities,” says Taylor Reynolds, director of sales for Wastewater Compliance Systems.
“They come to us because they receive an engineering report recommending a $4 million to $10 million mechanical plant project that is impossible for them to pay for with their existing tax base. Not only can our Poo-Gloos or Bio-Domes help communities comply with pollution limits, but most of the projects I quote cost between $150,000 and $500,000, and the operating expenses are a fraction those at a mechanical plant.”
Each Poo-Gloo requires little maintenance and the same amount of electricity as a 75-watt bulb, putting operating costs for Poo-Gloo systems at hundreds of dollars per month rather than thousands, which is typical of mechanical treatment plants. And some communities may operate Poo-Gloos “off-the-grid” by powering them with solar or wind energy systems.
The results of the new study prompted a number of communities to abandon more expensive alternatives in favor of installing Poo-Gloos. These early adopters can be found in the Nevada town of Jackpot in Elko County, Glacier National Park in Montana, and Plain City and Wellsville in Utah.
Wastewater Compliance Systems also has deployed mobile pilot Poo-Gloos in Louisiana, Alabama and Wisconsin so potential customers, engineering firms and regulators can see first-hand how well they work before they commit tax dollars to the new technology.
“We know that small communities have limited budgets,” Reynolds says. “That’s why we developed our mobile pilot units. Even when our technology has the potential to save hundreds of thousands of dollars on an upgrade project, we like to provide our customers with peace of mind in knowing that our products will solve their problems for years to come. ”

Excerpts and Image courtesy of  html  http://bit.ly/fPVGXW

“A real bear hug-want one?”


Living on the frontier in Alaska requires developing a harmonious relationship with Mother Natures most awesome wild animals.
Can we not learn to live as peacefully and respectfully with each other?

Video courtesy of YOUTUBE.com Click here

“GMOing the world -rice next to be altered”


German chemical giants Bayer, BASF team up on GM rice (which is genetically poor to begin with) are teaming up to produce genetically modified (GMO) rice seeds, technology than can boost yields (not quality).

GMO rice to you

The aim is to develop and sell hybrid rice seeds with traits enabling yield advances of 10 percent or more over conventional hybrid seeds. The first products are expected to be launched by 2020.
Rice is the world’s largest food crop, with half of the world’s 6.8-billion population consuming at least one meal of it every day.
According the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), an additional 8-10 million tons of rice needs to be produced each year to feed people and keep prices for the cereal at an affordable level, BASF and Bayer said.
Today, global rice production is about 685 million tons.
For many, GMO crops, by which scientists create new strains of plants that do not occur naturally by manipulating genes, are the answer to feeding the world’s rapidly growing population.
But opponents say that these genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can spread and interbreed with other plants, altering Mother Nature.

It is known that these plants are avoided by wildlife which

should tell you what you should do with GMO plants as well.

They also say that their use will increase the control of private companies over agriculture, with 10 corporations already controlling nearly 70 percent of the world seed market, according to pressure group Greenpeace.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  html  http://bit.ly/h0RROb

Image courtesy of   htm  http://bit.ly/h8yjDX

“Beetle Mania LAX-burn baby burn”


Los Angelus, California U.S. customs officials found some Khapra beetles, one of the world’s worst agricultural pests in a rice shipment that arrived at the LAX airport.

The rice was found in a box of food and personal effects being sent from one person to another, Mirza said.

The shipment was immediately quarantined and safeguarded and then destroyed under U.S. Customs and Border Protection supervision, Mirza said.

The Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium), which originated in South Asia, is one of the world’s most destructive pests of grain products and seeds. It is considered one of the 100 worst invasive species in the world. It is a pest of most stored grains and grain products but can also infest spices, gums, seeds, dried fruit and other dried plant and animal material. The larvae are responsible for most losses to stored products as adults feed very little. Khapra beetle is thought to have originated on the Indian sub-continent and the name is derived from the Indian word for brick, as the larvae can be found in the crevices between bricks in grain stores. Khapra beetle has a current distribution including South-East Asia, Africa, the Middle East and some European countries of the Mediterranean.

Agricultural specialists with U.S. Customs and Border Protection found an adult khapra beetle, eight larvae and a shed skin in a shipment of Indian rice from Saudi Arabia last week, spokesman Jaime Ruiz said.

Adult beetles are brownish and 2 to 3 millimetres long (08 -.12 inches). Immature larvae are up to 5 millimeters long and are covered in dense, reddish-brown hair. The eggs of the khapra beetle are cylindrical with one end more rounded and the other more pointed, about 0.7 mm long (.03 inches) and 0.25 mm (.98 inches) ( weighing about 0.02 mg(0000706 oz.). The pointy end has a number of spine-like projections.  The eggs are initially a milky white but over several hours turn a pale yellowish color

The khapra beetle, which is native to India and not currently established in the United States, is considered one of the most destructive pests of grain products and seeds.

“It is endemic to several countries and the reason it is very dangerous is that its life cycle is very long and it goes into all kinds of food grains,” Naveeda Mirza, agriculture program manager for U.S. Customs and Border Protection, told Reuters.

“It has several dormant stages. It can go dormant for a long time and then become active again. Its very very hard to get rid of and that’s why it’s very dangerous,” Mirza said. “It is one of the top 10 most dangerous pests not established here.”   Discovered in the US in 1946, Known to infest warehouses and food processing plants and can infest any structure and prospers in pantries, closets, garages, laundry rooms, and basements where wheat, grain, cereal, barley and rice are stored. Khapra beetles thrive on pet food, grass seed, bird seed and in areas with large Pecan, Walnut, Acorn and other nut trees

Life Cycle and Habits of Khapra Beetle: Larva begin to feed as soon as they find food and will continue for a month. They will then pupate into adults and begin mating and laying eggs. The stages from Larva to adult usually last two to three months, though it is not uncommon to last three to four months. Khapra beetles multiply at an increased rate if food supplies are in abundant. In the average home, infestation is usually limited to a few rooms.

Khapra Beetle Control Measures: Discard any food item suspected of harboring larval or adults. Empty cabinets and treat with Neem herbal spray in all cracks and crevices where adults like to lay eggs. This spray will break the cycle by killing off emerging larva which will be hatching from eggs that have been laid undetected or hidden from view.

 

The khapra beetle can also survive for long periods of time without food and is resistant to insecticides and fumigants.

According to a U.S. Department of Agriculture website, in 1953 an extensive infestation of khapra beetle was found in California, prompting a massive eradication effort.

Earlier this year, border protection officials in Detroit found a khapra beetle in a shipment of tile from China.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://yhoo.it/e2RRsg

Excerpts courtesy of beetle http://bit.ly/id1H4o

 

Image (adult khapra beetle)  courtesy of  http://bit.ly/f7JqBa

Image (adult and larvae) courtesy of  http://bit.ly/gJOTM9

 

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