“Carbon dating for tree rings and now fish”


Carbon dating for tree rings has been a well developed tool to study the age of a tree, but just recently scientists found that this same technique can be used to figure out where salmon go and what they have been eating when they travel out to sea to feed.

The University of Southampton researchers Dr Kirsteen MacKenzie and Dr Clive Trueman shows that the chemistry of fish scales will unlock the mystery of what the British salmon are eating. All British salmon do not migrate from their home rivers and end up in the same feeding grounds.  Different salmon may respond differently to environmental change. Know one knows just yet.

Research shows that fish carry natural records of feeding location hidden in the chemistry of their scales.
The chemistry of animal tissues reflects the composition of food and water in the area where they live and feed, and can act as a natural tag. Using this idea, the Southampton team, working with scientists from the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), the Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) and the National Oceanography Centre (NOC), looked at the isotopes of carbon contained in historical records of scales of Atlantic salmon.
The scales grew while the salmon were feeding at sea, so the carbon isotope values of the scales reflect the values of their diet in the feeding grounds. The team compared the scale values through time with satellite records of sea surface temperature across the North Atlantic. The locations of sea where the time series match best are most likely to be the areas where the fish have been feeding.
“As every single salmon contains the natural chemical tag, we can now see where fish from individual rivers go to feed in the Atlantic,” lead author Dr Kirsteen MacKenzie said.

This may be the first step into unlocking the mystery of why the salmon population has been in a steady decline for years. It could help us conserve the species.
Resources

Excerpts courtesy of    http://bit.ly/iREegY

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/kIt4SO

Image courtesy of    http://bit.ly/kMYldP

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“Save salmon birthing grounds”


The Sacred Headwaters are the shared birthplace of three of North America’s greatest wild salmon rivers and home to many

salmon going upriver to spawn

threatened species, including grizzly bears, wild salmon and stone sheep.

And it’s this beautiful wilderness in British Columbia that oil giant Royal Dutch Shell has their eye on for coalbed methane drilling.

Please send a postcard to Shell telling them to leave the Sacred Headwaters alone.

Coal bed methane drilling is an environmentally dangerous process that requires a maze of gas wells and pipelines and a huge amount of toxic wastewater. Examples of this kind of drilling in Wyoming, Montana and Alberta have caused serious damage.

The vulnerable wildlife of the Sacred Headwaters can’t stand up to Shell by themselves. It’s up to us to protect the wild salmon, caribou, moose, and grizzlies from Shell.

Fill out a postcard to Shell telling them to get out of the Sacred Headwaters, and our partner Fores tEthics will deliver it on your behalf.

Act now to keep coal bed methane drilling out of the Sacred Headwaters.

Thanks for taking action!

 

Urgent action needed  link:  http://bit.ly/inFCDp

“Come to the Sandhill crane party”


Join the Flight of the Cranes

Saturday, February 5
You are invited to come to the Flight of the Sandhill cranes in the Cibola National Wildlife Refuge, near Blythe, Arizona on the Arizona – California border.  Cibola is one of Arizona’s nine wildlife refuges.

Sandhill cranes, one of the largest birds in North America with a wingspan of up to eight feet, spend the winter in areas of southern Arizona. Thousands of people visit these areas annually to witness the spectacular sight of these birds as they launch into the air in the morning and return to roost in the evening.
Cibola NWR is located in the floodplain of the lower Colorado River and surrounded by a fringe of desert ridges and washes. The refuge encompasses both the historic Colorado River channel as well as a channelized portion constructed in the late 1960’s.

Over 288 species of birds have been found on Cibola NWR, including many species of migratory songbirds, Gambel’s quail, roadrunners, mourning and white-winged doves, phainopepla, greater sandhill cranes, Canada and snow geese, Vermilion flycatchers, grosbeaks, the bald eagle, southwestern willow flycatcher and Yuma clapper rail are among the endangered birds that use Cibola NWR. Other listed species include the desert tortoise, razorback sucker, bonytail chub, and desert pupfish.

Desert mule deer, bobcat, and coyotes also call this refuge home.

For more information, please contact Rebecca DeWitt at (602) 405-9060 or rebecca.dewitt.az@gmail.com.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/gmIPyJ

Image courtesy of  http://bit.ly/eTT0JR

“Saving Lancaster Sound from effects of sonar testing”


A Canadian judge (Bless her.) Sunday told researchers they can’t bombard the arctic waters of Lancaster Sound with sound waves to try to learn what’s under the seabed.

Nunavut Judge Sue Cooper granted an injunction sought by parties seeking to stop the joint project of the federal natural resources department and the German Alfred Wegner Institute for Polar and Marine Research, the Toronto Sun reported. The seismic project was to have started as early as this week, the newspaper said.
The researchers intended to map the area under Lancaster Sound by bouncing sound waves off the earth below the sea.
Some of the general known effects of sound waves include:
Damage to rocket engines, hence the flood of water under the space shuttle to absorb the sound vibration at engine start.
It has been proposed as a source of cold fusion in heavy water.

It is used to atomize fuel in burners.

it is used to break up gallstones.

Can cause damage to eardrums and living tissues in vitro and in vivo.

So when scientists want to use sonar/sound waves to map Lancaster Sounds seabed without having a clue of what damage they could cause some knowing folks objected.

While two Nunavut government agencies had given their OK to go ahead with the sonic testing, some Inuit groups and environmentalists went to court, contending it could harm marine wildlife.
Judge Cooper sided with the testing opponents, saying there could be an impact on wildlife and consequently on the food supply of the nearby Inuit communities.
“On the whole of the evidence presented, I am satisfied that Inuit in the five affected communities will suffer irreparable harm if an injunction is not granted,” her decision reads.
The importance of Lancaster Sound, an arm of Baffin Bay should not be underrated. It is a major passage through the Arctic Archipelago, is 248.55 miles (400 km) long and some 62.14 miles (100 km) wide. It lies at the north end of Baffin Island and is connected to Barrow Strait on the west. As a result of the interaction of currents, the sound is rich in nutrients and supports a biologically varied community of birds, mammals and fish. At Bylot Island, which lies at its eastern end, it provides breeding grounds for some 3 million seabirds alone. The area has provided sustenance for Inuit cultures for thousands of years: ringed seals, walrus and polar bears, and Narwhals, Belugas, killer and bowhead whales. Arctic fox is trapped in almost every inlet, and arctic char is taken at the mouths of rivers.

“Thank you for protecting Mother Nature Judge Sue Cooper”

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of    http://bit.ly/axZTvaTva
Excerpts courtesy of   http://yhoo.it/cnCGDO

Image courtesy of   http://bit.ly/bDkrbi

“Polar bears win one -now after big oil”


The ruling is a huge victory for polar bears, bowhead whales, other Arctic wildlife and tens of thousands of NRDC supporters like you who enabled us to go to court and fight off Big Oil’s planned invasion of this sensitive habitat.
A federal court has just halted oil and gas companies from moving ahead with drilling operations in

We win a big one!

millions of acres spanning Alaska’s Chukchi Sea  one of our nation’s two “Polar Bear Seas.

Beginning with the Bush administration a massive sell of drilling rights in the Chukchi Sea was initiated, opening the door for a oil rush into the heart of the bear’s melting sea ice habitat.

 NRDC, The Center for Biological Diversity, EarthJustice and Alaska Native groups and other conservationists sued.
A federal judge has agreed  has put a hold on the sale of rights and told the Obama administration to get a more science-based approach to protecting America’s endangered Arctic. Don’t let the Gulf spill happen again in Alaska.

It could be catastrophic for polar bears and other wildlife.

The oil industry has no technology for cleaning up oil in broken sea ice — one of the main places where polar bears search for food. And oil-covered polar bears have almost no chance of

First and foremost, we are still waging our legal fight to stop the Shell oil company from drilling off the coast of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in the Beaufort Sea — the second of the two Polar Bear Seas.
We will continue fighting Shell and any other company that targets the polar bear’s home for P.S. If you want to help build on the momentum of this victory, please make a special donation today that will enable us to carry the fight to Shell and other oil companies that threaten the polar bear’s home.

“Thank you” from the wildlife in Alaska, Mother Nature, NC and all the environmental groups and individuals involved.
Resources

Excerpts courtesy of   NRDC.com

Image courtesy of  http://bit.ly/dosAyR

“Bristol Bay Alaska save the endangered whales, salmon and other wildlife”


Another mega-company Anglo American and Mitsubishi wants to turn the pristine area near Bristol Bay, Alaska area over to be mined.
The Pebble Mine is run by another Japanese mega corporation the Mitsubishi Corporation.

Please sign our new Petition of Protest so that your voice can be heard loud and clear at Mitsubishi’s annual Shareholders Meeting in Tokyo on June 24, 2010. Click here to let your voice be heard.

Killer whales may go extinct

Mitsubishi and its share holders wake up!
SAVE BRISTOL BAY

Bristol Bay is a unique American natural treasure.

Beluga whale

  • Home to orcas and beluga whales, wild moose and caribou, and one of only two populations of freshwater harbor seals in the world

It’s world-class salmon runs that support thousands of sustainable jobs in fishing and tourism as well as Alaska Natives who depend on the salmon for food. Click here to let your voice be heard.

What do they propose to do?

  • Put a 2,000-foot-deep open-pit mine in the heart of America’s wilderness in a known earthquake zone.
  • The Pebble Mine’s colossal earthen dams are supposed to hold back some 10 billion tons of mining waste mixed with toxic chemicals. These dams never work forever. These dams are  disasters waiting to happen.

Problems  in the exploration phase

In April 2010 even without the mine in full swing, the companies had taken water from 45 unauthorized stream segments, the Anchorage Daily News reported. The exploration was temporarily halted.

Permits have been reinstated allowing Pebble Limited Partnership to continue exploring copper and gold deposits in southwest Alaska, the state Department of Natural Resources said Friday.
But the partnership still needs permission from the state’s Department of Fish and Game to work in fish habitat in order to begin drilling again this year.
All ready the Pebble Mine before it goes into full-scale operation, it will permanently destroy over 60 miles of salmon habitat.
If salmon runs collapse, so could the entire ecosystem and the communities that rely on salmon for their very subsistence.

Please stand with the Alaska’s Native communities and lovers of nature everywhere by making your voice heard at Mitsubishi’s Shareholders Meeting.

Don’t allow this mega corporation that sells so many cars, trucks, and electronics in the United States sacrifice one of America’s most spectacular pieces of endangered wilderness and the bioms dependent on it.  Click here to let your voice be heard.

Will Mitsubishi rethink this destructive venture when faced with worldwide opposition?

It did 10 years ago. Click here to let your voice be heard.


Resources

Excerpts courtesy of NRDC.com

Images 1 & 2. courtesy of  NC library

Images 3. courtesy of  en.academic.ru/Seehund.jpg

Images 4. courtesy of    http://bit.ly/aTbmA1

Images 5. courtesy of   http://bit.ly/c2hhoT

Images 6, courtesy of   http://bit.ly/aoXH8w

“The picture BP doesn’t want you to see-Contractor’s view”


Stained black it’s all black now – a contractor’s personal story.

dead dolphin oozing oil

Never shown to our President – a dead dolphin rotting in the shore weeds.

Filled with oil. Oil pouring out.

BP cover up cover up everything with oil a contractor’s view

BP uses the police to keep these oily images of the dead animals out of the news.All the life out here is just full of oil.

BP never showed the President.”

The grasses by the shore littered with tarred marine life, some dead and others.

“No living creature should endure that kind of suffering.”

Queen Bess Island endangered Louisiana brown pelicans rookery little white heads stained black stood sentinel. They seemed slow and lethargic-dying.

Birds trying to clean themselves, but they are unable. Oil kills.

A caring contractor attempts to save birds and turtles struggling hard to survive…

Green Reed grass mow half  black..

Five turtles drowning in oil -two dying not dead yet, but they will be.

A pod of dolphins showed up to swim with the vessel and guide it to land.

“They know they are in trouble. We are all in trouble,” the contractor said. …

BP spends 10 thousand dollars a day to major media to keep a positive image.

On Monday, a Daily News team was escorted away from a public beach

on Elmer’s Island by cops who said they were taking orders from BP.

Resources

Excerpts and Image 1. courtesy of  floridaoilspilllaw.com

Image 2. (laughing gull) courtesy of  google.com

“Endangered Beach mouse hanging on by a few sea oats – the oil spill”


Sea oats and the  Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse, will they survive?

Grayton Beach State Park, Santa Rosa Florida is home to the endangered Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse,

Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse which feeds on the Sea oats that grow there.

Sea oats on Grayton Beach Sea oat seeds along the shore and is found only in a small territory along the Panhandle coast. Grayton about 100 miles east of Pensicola is a protect wetland, estuary and pristine beach area. None of the region's biologists have much experience with a toxic oil spill.

Within the park one of the most critical ecosystems to protect is the estuary system.  In this area fresh and salt waters mix  where the rivers empty into the ocean and form protected bays that grow thick with sea grasses and marshes. These are prime nursing grounds for juvenile aquatic species.
In St. Andrews Bay, the juvenile grouper are so thick that it’s sometimes hard to fish for anything else, Kirkland said.
“Those grass flats are the lifeblood of the system,” he said. “The grouper mature and go out in the Gulf where they are so critical to the commercial and recreational fishing industry.”
The region has five large estuaries, and officials have made protecting them a priority. Plans are forming to string protective booms across passes that connect bays to the Gulf of Mexico.
Oil would smother sea grass beds in the estuaries, destroying habit and leading to devastating chain reaction said Felicia Coleman, director of Florida State University’s Coastal and Marine Laboratory in St. Teresa.
“It could be a really wicked trajectory,” she said.

Now is the time to give thanks for all the people that are spending days and nights monitoring land and sea waiting for the heavy suffocating  oil slime to arrive. Be thankful for the beauty that surrounds us now and so many people caring to help.

Resources
Excerpts
courtesy of   The Herald Tribune
Image 1. courtesy of   Grayton Beach State Park
Image 2. courtesy of  blogspot.com http://bit.ly/cTiTH1

Image 3. courtesy of  http://www.panamacitydiving.com

“Bleeding the Grand Canyon”


The US strip mining operations are doing to the land what the oil companies have so adeptly done to change our oceans and coastal areas.

It is time to stand up and be counted and stop this destruction

Keep the Grand Canyon  wild and free of mining pollutants.

Roger Clark from the Grand Canyon Trust takes an EcoFlight over four uranium mines situated near the Grand Canyon National Park.

Look through the looking glass into the possible future of what’s in store for the region and its watersheds that bring water to more than 25 million people.

Can we afford the equivalent of the Gulf oil “spill” in our Grand Canyon?

It will also show you the “Arizona 1” uranium mine, which is by far the greatest threat to the health, cultural integrity, and economic well-being of the Havasupai People; perhaps even their very existence.

Can we afford to destroy the waterways through mine pollution into our headways and tributaries?

According to media reports, the Calgary-based company Denison Mines has re-opened the Arizona 1 mine “In defiance of legal challenges and a U.S. Government moratorium,” says Indigenous Activist and musician Klee Benally.

Benally explains that “U.S. Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar initially called for a two-year moratorium on new mining claims in a buffer zone of 1 million acres around Grand Canyon National Park, but the moratorium (didn’t) include existing claims such as Denison’s.” Nor did it address mining claims outside of the buffer zone.

Because of the recent increase in the price of uranium and the absurd push for nuclear power, more than a thousand mining claims have been staked in the region.

Look at a video showing the bleeding of the Grand Canyon and the pollution and scarring of one of our most treasured resources.

Did you know any foreign government can mine in our nature parks and then take the ore and not be held to environmentally sound practices. Why should they care? -It is not their mother country’s greatest treasures?

What about the wildlife that call the canyon home both on the land and in the waterways. Do we want to sacrifice them big and small to death either fast or slow from pollution?

We must stay informed to keep our water supplies clean and health or ultimately we will pay for it with our health and the lives of our children. We must keep our lands and seas clean to insure our life.

Get involved. Send us your comments and questions we will keep you posted.

Sign the petition to protect the Grand Canyon today. Mother Nature and Nature’s Crusaders thanks you.

Video click here

Resources

Video courtesy of YOUTUBE.com

Image courtesy of   http://bit.ly/9YGjVo

“Something is wrong with this picture- Gulf oil spill”


Toxins, dispersant, delays and red tape and let us see if we can create the magic bullet now…

If a doctor waited to learn how to repair a broken leg until a patient came in with a broken leg, he would be sued for incompetence and jailed.

Why is it that oil (or mining) companies can wait to build something that might help protect the ocean and its creatures  until after the disaster happens?

And no matter what they are now building or new technique they may be try to use congress must approve it!

The lack of efficiency of our US disaster relief system appalls me.


How many ways we can create more chaos in the Gulf-things being tried:

This is not a research project mate if you drill into Mother Earth and extract toxic gas and oil then you should now how to control and clean up your messes.

  • spreading the dispersant and at depths of 5,000 feet (1,524 meters) has never been tried
  • BP has already dispatched 3,000 gallons of the dispersant, which they are expecting to arrive in the Gulf of Mexico soon, but the proposal is still awaiting final governmental approval. Time to evaluate-haven’t you had decades?
  • Skimmers surround the oil floating on the ocean surface, but poor weather will halt their operation
  • Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) are  being deployed underwater to monitor the situation at the blowout preventer (BOP) and wellhead. The wellhead it seems has a history of leaks.
  • BP now wants to get better picture or imaging techniques and improved ROVs available for the cleanup effort.
  • A new  relief well and the three collection domes (still under construction), may be used to encapsulate the leaking oil and funnel it to a waiting ship on the surface.
  • The Materials Management Service has given permission to begin drilling the relief well. Drilling will likely be initiated within 48 hours.

Resources

Excerpts and Image courtesy of http://bit.ly/byxx85

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