“Walmart bows to the California Environmental Quality Act”


Walmart forced to cut Greenhouse Gas Pollution
California Environmental Quality Act {CEQA) makes environmental protection a mandatory part of every California state and local agency’s decision making process, it has become a model for environmental protection laws in other states, but it has also become the basis for numerous lawsuits concerning public and private projects.
Settling lawsuits filed by the Center for Biological Diversity, late last week Walmart agreed to install three 250-kilowatt rooftop solar facilities and incorporate cutting-edge efficiency measures in constructing two new Supercenters stores in Perris and Yucca Valley, as well as to start a refrigerant audit and improvement program to reduce emissions at certain existing California Walmart stores. Walmart will also contribute $120,000 to the Mojave Desert Land Trust for land-conservation purposes. The big-box chain agreed to employ similar CO2-reduction measures for a proposed Supercenter in Riverside.
The California Environmental Quality Act’s goal is to improve new development, reduce greenhouse gas pollution, save energy, save money, and promote a vibrant green economy.

This type of environmental protection act needs to be enacted in every state.

You have a choice.

Congratulations to the the Center for Biological Diversity and its partners for all your hard work and dedication. Please donate today to help them keep up the good fight.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of   Center for Biological Diversity.org

Excerpts courtesy of   http://bit.ly/cruPKf

Image courtesy of   http://bit.ly/aI5bgA

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“Coral reefs are the world’s underwater rainforests”


Coral are the rainforest of the ocean. Its reefs quickly create new species. The biodiversity of life on the reef is comparable to the multiplicity of life forms in the rainforests. There are 30 of 34 known animal phyla living on the reef. About 2800 species of fish are known to live in the reef region. Of the 500 or so species of reef building corals found throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans, about 350 are known to be on the Barrier Reef. It could be decades before scientists have a complete list of all the plants and animals found on any one reef. Many species are still to be identified and named. Preserving and nurturing the coral will protect the entire food chain and our web of life as we know it.

In the richest of all regions of coral reef development (central Indo-Pacific), a single acre of coral reef habitat may harbor many types of marine algae, hundreds of brightly hued fish species, and thousands of different kinds of invertebrate animals. Coral reefs are the largest living structure on the planet.

500 million years ago the first coral reef grew. Now the world’s coral reefs are in crisis

The economic importance of maintaining a healthy coral and pollution free coastal shoreline cannot be under estimated:

1. Coral reefs cover are home to 25% of all marine fish species.
2. 500 million people rely on coral reefs for their food and livelihoods.
3. Coral reefs form natural barriers that protect nearby shorelines from the eroding forces of the sea, thereby protecting coastal dwellings, agricultural land and beaches.
4. Coral reefs, protect parts of Florida from be submerged.
5. Medicines made coral have been used in the treatment of cancer, HIV, cardiovascular diseases and ulcers.
6. Corals’ porous limestone skeletons have been used for human bone grafts.
7. It is estimated that coral reefs provide $375 billion per year around the world in goods and services.

Threats to the world’s coral reefs include:
1. Pollution -waste products from gasoline and oil, trash, plastic, cans, bottles, cosmetics, human carelessness, agriculture waste run off
2. Disease – bacterial, white pox, band and rapid wasting disease, coral bleaching, shedding – a sick environment equals sick coral
3. Over-fishing -destroying the food chain by taking all the largest fish and other sea creatures
4. Dynamite and cyanide fishing  especially in the Far East -Indonesia, Phillipines, Malasia, China, Japan
5. Sedimentation – muddy freshwater enters the sea by realizing that gaps in continuous fringing and offshore reefs faced the river mouths.
6. Bleaching caused by rising ocean temperatures from global warming

Healthy coral

If the present rate of destruction continues:

a. 70% of the world’s coral reefs will be destroyed by the year 2050.
b.  25% of coral reefs have already disappeared and an estimated two-thirds of all coral reefs are at risk today.1
c. 88% of the reefs in Southeast Asia – the most species rich reefs on earth – are at risk.
d. Since 1975, more than 90% of the reefs in the Florida Keys have lost their living coral cover.

Only we can change this destruction

  1. Take care and help clean up the our streams, shores, ocean and all waterways.
  2. Decreasing our carbon footprint
  3. When diving being respectful of the environment and staying off the coral.
  4. Take pictures of coral for souvenirs.
  5. Refusing to buy fish that are harvested by in long lines, dynamiting or cynanide poisoning ( the last two methods are from the Far East).
  6. Recycle, reuse and take trash home for proper discard on land, lake , stream, the seashore or ocean.

Support organizations that are helping protect the coral reef and sealife. Get involved.

Coral reefs are a world treasure. Our economic and health depend on them staying healthy.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://www.terradaily.com//Coral_reefs_quickly_create.html

Excerpts courtesy of  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southeast_Asian_coral_reefs

Excerpts courtesy of  http://www.barrierreefaustralia.com/great-barrier-reef-info2.html

Excerpts courtesy of   http://www.nature.org/joinanddonate/rescuereef/explore/facts.html

Image courtesy of  http://images.google.com/foodweb

Image courtesy of  http://www.uncwil.edu/bio/images/JRPBahamasspongesandcoral.jpg

“How pure are your snowflakes?”


Global warming effects everything even the shape of snow flakes. The shape of a snowflake changes if the water as its crystallizing picks up pollutants or other impurities from the air.

These chemicals and temperature changes cause the ice crystal to form a flat plate, a spiky needle, or another shape as it falls towards the earth.

Mathematicians have created an elaborate computer model that shows how feathery ice crystals form in such elaborate patterns, and why. See the slide show featuring some of their snowflakes.
http://dsc.discovery.com/technology/im/3d-snowflake-griffeath.html
Scientists think that there are really four different shapes of snow crystals.  The simplest shape is a long needle shaped like a spike.  The other shapes all have six sides.  One of them is a long, hollow column that is shaped like a six-sided prism.  There are also thin, flat six-sided plates.  And lastly there are intricate, six-pointed stars.

How high has the snowflake fallen ?

Ice crystal column shaped snowflakes are made in the highest clouds at around -30°F. 

The star shaped crystals are formed when temperature in the clouds is  3° to 10°F

Plate shapes form when the temperature in the clouds is  10°-18°F

Star shaped crystals form.  ,  18°-23°F

Columns form 18°-23°F.

needles form from 23°-27°F

the plates reappear. from 27°-32°F

Each snowflake is made up of from 2 to about 200 separate crystals.

Snow crystals grow and get heavier as they fall towards Earth.  If the crystals spins like tops as their shape may be perfectly symmetrical when they hit the Earth. Falling snow crystals attach other snow crystals as they fall and clump together forming snowflakes.  Not all crystals are proportional. If they have fallen on an angle they may turn out lopsided. Each snowflake is made up of from 2 to about 200 separate crystals.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  The most awesome snow flake site http://www.its.caltech.edu/~atomic/snowcrystals/photos2/photos2.htm
Excerpts courtesy of  http://www.pa.msu.edu/~sciencet/ask_st/100897.html

Excerpts courtesy of  http://www.its.caltech.edu/~atomic/snowcrystals/class/class
Image 1. courtesy of  http://aura.gaia.com/photos/10/95804/xlarge/Winter_snow_flakes.jpg

Image 2. courtesy of   http://webecoist.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/snowflakes.jpg

Happy Peaceful & Healthy Holidays

from All of us at Nature’s Crusaders.

Thank you for all your comments and support this year.

“Progress on improving climate in Copenhagen”


Forests are efficient absorbers of carbon dioxide, the primary heat-trapping gas linked to global warming. When forests and bogs and wetlands are destroyed daily around the world carbon dioxide stored in trees, bogs and wetlands is released into the atmosphere. This release accelerates global warming., When 20% of our rainforests are destroyed annually, it is estimated to account for 20 percent of greenhouse gas emissions globally.

saving the forests

If this agreement is achieved some progress towards providing a system through which countries can be paid for conserving disappearing natural assets based on their contribution to reducing emissions.

Today the final draft of Reducing Emissions From Deforestation and Forest Degradation, or REDD, will be distributed to some 200 ministers to hammer out a framework for a global climate treaty. Negotiators and other participants said that though some details remained to be worked out, all major points of disagreement — how to address the rights of indigenous people living on forest land and what is defined as forest, for example — had been resolved through compromise.

A final agreement on the program may not be announced until the end of the week, when President Obama and other world leaders arrive — in part because there has been so little progress on other issues at the climate summit meeting, sponsored by the United Nations.

For poorer countries, the payments will provide a much-needed new income stream. For richer nations, the lure of the program is not cash but carbon credits that can be used to cancel out, in part, their industrial emissions under a carbon trading system, like the cap-and-trade plan currently under consideration by Congress.

The agreement is also being closely watched in Congress, where climate legislation passed the House in June and is currently stalled in the Senate.

Under the cap-and-trade system preferred by Democratic leaders and the Obama administration, companies that cannot meet their greenhouse gas pollution limit could buy extra permits by investing in carbon-reduction programs abroad. Plans to preserve forests under REDD would presumably qualify. This could help U.S. companies to reduce emissions at lower cost.

For more information on the progress on international climate reform in Copenhagen.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/16/science/earth/16forest.html?_r=1&th&emc=th

Images courtesy of  http://earth.rice.edu/mtpe/bio/biosphere/topics/biomes/forest.jpg

“Sign name on the Great Wall of Clean Energy +Pollution Free World”


You can be part of the historic change needed in the US and the world


The United Nations Climate Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark began this week, and we can help the US delegation know how important saving our planet is to us in United States and around the world.

Become one of America’s finest

Sign your name on

the Great Wall of Clean Energy and Pollution Free World

Let all the delegates know your commitment to finding

a healthy safe global solution to the greatest challenge facing our planet.

Leaders from across the world, including President Obama, will come together to forge an agreement that will guide international action to reduce greenhouse gas pollution and lay the foundation for a new, healthy and prosperous 21st century with clean energy economy.

Will you help us forage the next New World together?
President Obama has already made a commitment to take on the climate crisis here in the U.S. Let us show him the American people are ready to become positive role models for the world to follow.

Show the world that the American people want bold action on climate and clean energy solutions.

Share your message of support on The Wall now.


The United States has a vital role to play in Copenhagen.
The United States has a crucial role to play in any international efforts related to the climate crisis including the dialog that continues in Copenhagen this week.

Let us go forth and show the world that we stand for the betterment of the planet. Our principles and our economic strength have traditionally made us a leader in the world community, but our wealth has made us lazy and shortsited polluters. We can and we will change that starting today

Will we wimp out by saying there was not enough time to plan some effective strategies to win the the greatest crisis facing our world as we know it? Or will we be able to tell future generations that when faced will the greatest challenge known to man, we came, we assessed the challenges and we put our differences aside, worked together with all nations to create the best world for all living animals, plants and people everywhere.

ACT TODAY

Let us step up to the plate and take climate crisis in hand .

Let us lead the world in developing a climate agreement that will lay the guidelines for decreasing global warming and increasing the health and wellbeing of us all.

Speak out to your congressmen and help them pass comprehensive clean energy and climate legislation in Congress.

Post your message on The Great Wall of Clean Energy and Pollution Free World

“Thank you for helping Mother Earth with each action you take.”- Mother Nature and Nature’s Crusaders

Resources

Excerpts and Image courtesy of    http://www.repoweramerica.org/wallform


“Ocean mixing -the power of numbers”


Deep ocean mixing analysis studies the movement of fluid surrounding tiny ocean creatures leading to completely revelatory insights on possible mechanisms of global ocean mixing

Scientists from the Dauphin Island Sea Laboratory, Providence College and the University of California traveled to the island of Palau, where they studied the effects animals have on movement of ocean water also called induced drift. Particularly they were looking at jellyfish movement.

jellyfish propulsion

jellyfish propulsion

Florescent “dye in the water in front of the sea creatures, and then watching what happened to that dye or, to be more specific, to the water that took up the dye as the jellyfish swam. And, indeed, rather than being left behind the jellyfish or being dissipated in turbulent eddies the dye traveled with the swimming creatures, following them for long distances.

So it is true that swimming animals can carry bottom water with them as they swim upward, and that movement indeed creates a mixing. of ocean waters like an inversion effect.

So how much impact do these tiny sea critters from the billions of krill in the ocean to the jellyfish and larger sea creatures have on ocean mixing?

After a series of calculations, it was found that these animals in the ocean provide enough energy from their collective movement as much as a trillion watts of energy globally equal to the effects of the winds and tides combined

These figures do not include the combined interactive effects of the organisms which would amplify how far the ocean waters can be pulled upward. Nor does it include the effects of “marine snow ( organic and other fecal debris) falling to the ocean floor which also would pull water with it.

Such models are important for simulations of global climate-change scenarios and carbon sequestration on the ocean floor.

Resources
Excerpts
courtesy of Terradaily.com/reports/TinySeaCreaturesLinkedToLargeScaleOceanMixing
Excerpts courtesy of Media.caltech.edu/pressrelease

Image courtesy of  I.livescience.com/images/LS_090729_JellyFish-01.jpg

“Solar recycling being part of the solution”


Cannae Group is seeking strategic investments and partnerships with solar panel recyclers over the next 12 months due to unprecedented increases in the photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing sector. (Very good news)

The PV sector is working to create truly sustainable energy solutions that take into consideration the environmental impacts of all stages of the product life cycle, from raw material sourcing through end-of-life collection and recycling.

Addressing future recycling needs now, through strategic investments, truly sustainable energy solutions can be offered today to help prevent environmental problems in the future.

Recycle solar paying it forward

RecyclingRecycling solat equipment solar paying it forward

“It’s an excellent time to do this considering that solar is an emerging industry,” said David McGovern, executive director of Cannae Group.

Environmental advantage “If you have panels that not only contribute to sustainability, reduce carbon emissions, and  use renewable and sustainable materials.”

“We want to be part of the solution,” said Nikita Sutton, Cannae Group analyst. “We have a great opportunity through our investments to continue to improve the environmental processes of the industry.”

McGovern summed up by saying, “People have become far more conscious about recycling, so the new corporate mandate is to think beyond just getting a product into a customer’s hands. It is now about how do we do our part so that years down the road our products are not part of the problem.”
Resources

Excerpts courtesy of Solardaily.com/Cannae_Group_Seeks_Out_Partnerships_With_Solar_Panel_Recyclers

Image courtesy of Environment-green.com/images/solar_power_flower

“48 percent of our water is used to produce power-can we afford it?”


The demand for freshwater is growing and the seeming supply worldwide seems to be dwindling. Choosing new sources of electric power that are less dependant on fresh water for processing is imperative.

Why use our precious fresh water for processing?

The United States Geological Survey says that 48 percent of freshwater withdrawals nationwide are for electric power production. “Water is needed to make steam in most thermal power plants, and for cooling. Water is also an important factor in the production of fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. While almost all of this water usage is “non-consumptive” (it is not absorbed by vegetation, for instance), this enormous source of demand reduces stream flows, lowers groundwater tables, and diverts water from other uses. The testimony delivered before the subcommittee by U.S. Department of Energy Undersecretary Dr. Krisitina M. Johnson describes the dependence various power production options have on the availability of water.” (1)

Power production depends on water power sources that

save water and reduce carbon emissions.

On the gallons-per-megawatt-hour basis, worst carbon emission offenders

1. coal power with carbon sequestration uses the water intensity can become double that of a conventional coal plant, needing almost twice as much water as a nuclear power plant, more than twice as much as any other generating option

2. low-carbon nuclear power is the worst offender in reducing carbon emissions

3. solar thermal and biofuels and conventional coal comes in a close second.

4. Natural gas is somewhat better

5. Solar photovoltaics and wind have minimal water requirements

water-use-by-plant-type3

“The Department of Energy is addressing this issue by promoting energy effiiciency, funding research and development into more water-efficient approaches, and looking at existing options (such as closed-loop parabolic solar concentrators) that required comparatively less water. But all of this is occurring within a broader context. Dr. Johnson says, ‘In general, water is only one of many factors such as materials inputs, energy production and consumption, emissions, and others that must be considered in the lifecycle construction, operation, and decommissioning of energy technologies. Consequently, water-related technology R&D is best done as part of the broader R&D effort to improve performance, lower costs, and reduce environmental impacts, including water, of energy supply and end-use technologies.’

The simple fact that the current Department of Energy looks at these matters in terms of lifecycle impacts is reason for hope.”(1)

“The U.S. is planning to invest hundreds of billions of dollars over 10 years in clean and renewable energy. Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides, etc. We have an abundance of all these and it will serve us right if we can explore on any of these possibilities for our future use.

We should exercise prudence and consider the economic considerations, maintenance, risk factors and the benefits involved. Let us wait for results of feasibility studies the advanced nation come up with together with the studies of our own experts in the field of renewable energy. There is no substitute to prudence when safety and well being of future generations are involved. Likewise, there is no room for wastefulness of resources when we continue to wallow in poverty.” (2)

Resources

Excerpts 1. courtesy of “Water for Power Plants: A Major Concern All of Its Own”

Legalplanet.wordpress.com/water-for-power-plants-a-major-concern-all-of-its-own

Excerpts 2.
courtesy of “BATAAN NUCLEAR POWER PLANT”

Quierosaber.wordpress.com/bataan-nuclear-power-plant

Graph courtesy of Legalplanet.wordpress.com/water-for-power-plants-a-major-concern-all-of-its-own

http://alphainventions.com/environment.xml

Gas guzzling car US Gov. may give cash for you to upgrade


Helping save our environment is the priority if our children are to inherit a healthier world to live in. Taking proper car of and upping its fuel efficiency will improve the air quality, decrease air born particulates and help decrease total emissions that lead to global warming. This caring for our environment will support improved conditions for many endangered species which includes us.

Help save the planet reduce your carbon emissions

Help save the planet reduce your carbon emissions

Burning fossil fuels such as gasoline and diesel or wood burning releases carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) and particulates into the atmosphere, contributing to global climate change. CO2 is the most important human-made GHG, and highway vehicles account for 26% of U.S. CO2 emissions (1.7 billion tons each year).

Each gallon of gasoline you burn creates 20 pounds of CO2.

Tax credits through Feds on your purchase of a new hybrid, lean-burn, alternative fuel, and electric vehicles will encourage the use of cars better suited for our changing climate.

The average vehicle emits around 6 to 9 tons of CO2 each year.

Decrease your carbon footprint. Find out the CO2 emissions for your car

Calculate your carbon footprint.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of fueleconomy.gov

Image courtesy of channel4news.com carbon-footprint-a-beginners-guide/carbon-footprint

Find out how to reduce your carbon footprint

Wind-power India’s answer to its energy crisis


wind power helping India's energy economy

wind power helping India's energy economy

Gujarat is a sustainable model for the benefits economically and scoiallly of using windpower. by providing cheap energy . This will hopefully fill in the power shortage fof 11-12% (15-26% peak power shortage).

Wind power helps to meet the energy power shortages in the State. It is also contributing towards the Government of India’s plan of meeting 10% of total power demand in the country from renewable energy sources. It will help reduce its carbon footprint and reduce India’s contribution to global warming.global warming.

Renewable energy is derived from natural processes that are replenished constantly.This is a wind energy project comprising 7 Wind Turbine Generators of 1.25MW each, generating a total of 8.75 MW. The wind turbines are saving 0.843 T/CO2 per MWh of electricity generated as it displaces generation by the fossil fuels. The additional capacity helps reduce dependence upon an already overstretched grid without generating any additional greenhouse gases thus reducing global warming.

For more details click here and click for free full special projects reports

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of Carbonadvisegroup

Image courtesy of topnews.in wind-power
xml

Find out how to reduce your carbon footprint

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